Kentucky Guard Thu, 22 Oct 2020 17:28:32 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Kentucky Army National Guard graduates four from Officer Candidate School Fri, 23 Oct 2020 15:11:26 +0000
Kentucky Army National Guard Officer Candidates School Class 62-20 pause for a group photo Oct. 17, 2020, at Boone National Guard Center in Frankfort, Ky. Graduates included Seth Weddle of Richmond, Ky., Dustin McKie-Miller of Lexington, Ky., Larry Zuniga of Bowling Green, Ky., and David Mutuse from Richmond, Ky. (U.S. Army National Guard photo by Sgt. 1st Class Joseph Meischke)

Staff Report; photos by Sgt. 1st Class Joseph Meischke, 238th Regiment Training Institute

FRANKFORT, Ky.—Senior leaders from the Kentucky National Guard were on hand to congratulate the latest Officer Candidate School graduates Oct. 17 at the Army Aviation Support Facility at Boone National Guard Center in Frankfort.

Graduates of OCS Class 62-20 included Larry Zuniga of Bowling Green, Dustin McKie-Miller of Lexington, and David Mutuse and Seth Weddle, both from Richmond, Ky.

Click here to link to more photos taken during the event.

Honored guests, Brig. Gen. Hal Lamberton, Kentucky adjutant general, Col. Frederick Bates, the 238th Regiment Training Institute commander, and Chaplain (Col.) Jay Padgett, the senior state chaplain, spoke words of encouragement during the ceremony.

“When you’re in a leadership role, you’re going to be confronted by issues, and you will want to put a positive spin on these challenges for you and your Soldiers,” said Lamberton, as he advised the group of new leaders. “This will present you with more problems. But that is the dynamic we deal with as leaders in any capacity.”

These four new lieutenants faced many challenges already as they overcame difficulties on the road to becoming commissioned officers. They pushed through the COVID-19 pandemic and instructors tested their ability to lead others in many trials within the school’s program.

In recognition of his exceptional effort to attain the highest score on the overall Army physical fitness test, Mutuse received the Physical Fitness Award.

For the highest average score on written exams, Weddle received the Academic Achievement Award.

They presented the Commandant’s Award to Zuniga for making a lasting impact on his instructors and showing the greatest self-improvement throughout the course.

Last, for his superior ability at leading others, they presented the Leadership Excellence Award to McKie-Miller during the ceremony.

Earlier that morning, candidates took their oath of office at Daniel Boone’s gravesite in Frankfort, overlooking the state capitol.

Bates, the commander over the training institute, gave credit to the non-commissioned officers soon to be working alongside these new officers.

“I want to challenge you, today, to listen to the non-commissioned officers you will have around you,” said Bates. “Even if you are prior-enlisted, they will have the experience and know your new job better than you as a new lieutenant. Listen to them. Pay attention to your family and friends. Tell them what’s going on in your career. Then they will know how to be a part of what you’re doing and also able to help with it.”

To conclude his statements, Bates welcomed the new officers to the Kentucky National Guard.

“Thank you for being here,” he said. “This is truly an honor and an exceptional event. I look forward to seeing you out on the ranges and during training and while deployed all around the world as our mission continues.”

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Governor Beshear visits Kentucky Guard, tours COVID-19 protective equipment warehouse Thu, 22 Oct 2020 13:01:58 +0000
Kentucky National Guard Soldiers from various units pose for a group photo on Sept. 10, 2020, at a warehouse in Frankfort, Ky. Governor Andy Beshear visited the warehouse where Guardsmen work together to stock, ship, and receive personal protective equipment.   (U.S. Army National Guard Photo by Spc. Jesse Elbouab, 133rd Mobile Public Affairs Detachment)

By Spc. Jesse Elbouab, 133rd Mobile Public Affairs Detachment 

FRANKFORT, Ky. — Since the start of the pandemic, Kentucky Governor Andy Beshear and his advising staff have taken a proactive approach to ensure Kentuckians remain safe. 

In March 2020, the state experienced its first spike in positive COVID-19 cases. The need for sterile and disposable personal protective equipment (PPE) grew exponentially.

Many critical items became scarce all across the United States. 

It was clear the governor needed to plan for collecting an abundance of life-saving PPE, and these items would need to be distributed to healthcare workers’ when requested.

Alongside the Department of Public Health and Environmental Management, Soldiers from the Kentucky Army National Guard activated to support this mission. Their task—to receive, store, and ship PPE from a warehouse in Frankfort to the medical facilities in need.

“I do not doubt that we helped save lives,” said Chief Warrant Officer 2 Joel Bowling, the officer in charge of the COVID-19 Response Team. “We have been shipping to fifteen regions across the state since March. Without this operation, I believe more people would have been exposed to COVID-19 from the start.”

On Sept. 14, along with First Lady Britainy Beshear and several staff members, the governor toured the storage warehouse in Frankfort. Sparking the trip was a large donation from Ford Motor Company.

Kentucky Army National Guard 1st Sgt. Dylan Molohon listens as Governor Andy Beshear speaks during a press conference held at the supply warehouse in Frankfort, Ky., Sept. 10, 2020. On behalf of the commonwealth, Beshear accepted a donation of 2 million masks from Ford Motor Company. (U.S. Army National Guard Photo by Spc. Jesse Elbouab, 133rd Mobile Public Affairs Detachment)

“Before this global health crisis arrived in Kentucky more than six months ago, we were working to secure the personal protective equipment needed to keep our people safe,” the governor said. “Many great companies that do business in the commonwealth have been key partners in these efforts. Today, we’re happy to announce that the Ford Motor Co. has generously donated 2 million masks to the commonwealth; which is among the largest gifts we have received. This donation undoubtedly will help save Kentuckians’ lives.”

As supplies became more accessible, and donations continued to be shipped in, Soldiers expanded the 50,000-square-foot warehouse to 108,000 square feet. This expansion shows Kentucky’s efforts to make sure it stands ready with the necessary PPE should another significant spike occur.

On Sept. 9, a snapshot of Kentucky’s inventory of PPE showed:
Gloves: 7,425,257
Face shields: 1,261,766
Surgical masks: 11,279,861
N95 masks: 930,110
Gowns: 1,305,556

The facility houses approximately 50 million dollars’ worth of PPE for the state of Kentucky.

“The intent is to have the Department of Public Health and Environmental Management mission capable without the help of the Guard by the end of the year,” said Bowling. “For my Soldiers, and myself, this mission helped us continue to work and provide for our communities meaningfully through this pandemic.”

Defying the odds: Soldier rises from humble beginnings to owning her own dentistry practice Tue, 20 Oct 2020 13:00:04 +0000

Maj. Mitisha Martin, left, of the Kentucky National Guard, owns her own dentistry practice in Louisville, Ky. with close friend Dr. Kristin Harris. (Courtesy photo)

By Capt. Cassandra J. Mullins, 133rd Mobile Public Affairs Detachment

FRANKFORT, Ky. – Kentucky Army National Guard Major Mitisha Martin was still a small child who wore pigtails and dresses, the first time she remembers seeing her mother’s boyfriend slam her mom across the kitchen table. 

Her voice cracks as she reaches back into a dark place of experiences long since locked away, describing these memories as they flood her – flashes of violence filled with broken glass and screams. Martin, whose father was murdered when she was just four years old, remembers being overwhelmed by fear and helplessness, with no way to defend her mother and no one to turn to.

Today, that frightened child is gone. In her place stands a leader who is described by those who know her as “fierce” and an “inspiration”. While she faced obstacles from a young age, Mitisha credits the Kentucky Guard for helping her reach her life-long dream of becoming a dentist, and co-owner of her own dentistry practice in Louisville. Martin, who has served in the Kentucky Guard for 24 years, is currently in Poland on her second deployment. She is deployed with her unit, the 1163rd Area Support Medical Company, and is doing what she loves, working as a dentist.

Maj. Mitisha Martin performs a dental exam on Pfc. Alonso Gonzales October 8, 2020 in Poland. Maj. Martin is deployed with her unit, 1163rd Area Support Medical Company, to Poland as part of Operation Atlantic Resolve in support of European allies. (U.S. Army National Guard photo by Spc. Paige Sipe, 1163rd Medical Company Area Support, Kentucky National Guard)

“Growing up, I never would have dreamed in a million years that I would be a dentist,” she said. “I want others to know, they can do it too. Whatever your dream is – no matter how big it is — you can do it. You just have to be willing to dig in and fight for it. To never give up.”

“It’s not always easy”

Martin admits when it comes to chasing dreams, it is not always easy. There is work involved, she said, and achieving success may not happen overnight. Sher praises her mother for instilling a drive and determination in her to never give up. As a child, Martin watched her mother work two jobs at times to make ends meet while raising her and her two siblings. And, when her mother couldn’t afford lights for their Christmas tree, she strung up popcorn.

“Mom always found a way to give us everything we needed,” said Martin. “She was very strong from all the adversities she had to go through. She’s one of my heroes.”

As a child growing up in Bowling Green, Ky., Martin describes herself as a mix between a girlie girl and a tomboy.

“I wanted to climb trees, but I wanted to wear a dress while doing it,” she said.

In elementary school, her teachers would ask her what she wanted to be when she grew up and she always responded by saying a doctor. 

“They would ask me what kind and I had no idea,” she said. “I just knew I didn’t want to be a nurse like the girls. I wanted to be a doctor like the boys.”

Martin said camping, firing weapons and the uniform – were all things that appealed to her and ultimately led to her joining the Kentucky Army National Guard at the end of her first year in college at Western Kentucky University. She was 19 years old, entangled in an unhealthy relationship, and admittedly was not ready.

“My heart and my head were not in the right place when I went to basic training,” said Martin, who left basic training after barely a month, receiving a discharge from the military.

She returned home working jobs at local restaurants and spending long hours in a factory sewing collars on shirts. She felt defeated. Yet, life has a funny way of placing you were you need to be and giving second chances, she said.

“A gift from God”

Maj. Martin describes what happened next as a gift from God. She said she met a dentist from church, who was also a black female, and she began working for the dentist as an assistant.

Maj. Mitisha Martin with her family. Maj. Martin is deployed with her unit, 1163rd Area Support Medical Company, to Poland as part of Operation Atlantic Resolve in support of European allies. (U.S. Army National Guard photo by Spc. Paige Sipe, 1163rd Medical Company Area Support, Kentucky National Guard)

“Seeing her work and how far she had come and what she was accomplishing was such an inspiration to me,” said Marin. “In my life, I had never seen a black doctor except on TV, with The Cosby Show.”

Martin said she was also moved and inspired by the profession itself and how dentists were able to really help people and change lives.

“You fix people’s teeth and they hug you and cry because they are so thankful,” she said. “You can see the difference it makes in people and their confidence and their overall quality of life. Making that difference is so rewarding. I didn’t find the dental field, it found me.”

“Thank God for second chances,” she added.

“A second chance”

Martin knew right away she wanted to be a dentist, but that would require finishing her undergraduate degree and going to dental school—not simple tasks. She also knew she could not afford school on her own.

“That’s when I turned to the Guard and begged for a second chance,” she said.

Ultimately, Martin was granted a waiver to join the Kentucky Army National Guard again—and this time around, she graduated basic training with honors in the top 10 percent of her class. In addition, she received the highest physical training score of her class and was named Soldier of the cycle.

Upon graduation from basic training, her first job in the Kentucky Guard was driving Humvees for a transportation unit in Bowling Green. She served as an enlisted Soldier for 10 years, using benefits from the Guard to pay for her undergraduate degree from Western Kentucky University and working her way as a Solider into a medical unit in the Kentucky Guard.

Martin became a commissioned officer upon acceptance into the University of Louisville’s School of Dentistry. She utilized benefits from the Guard to help pay for dentistry school. Today she serves as a dentist for the Kentucky Guard and she owns her own dentistry with a close friend in Louisville, Kentucky.

“The guard gave me a second chance at life,” she said. “I don’t think I could have done it without that help. I just don’t think I could have afforded it.”

Martin said the Kentucky Guard was the right fit for her over active duty because it allows “the best of both worlds.”

“As a Soldier, we get to give back to our country and communities—and we also get to enjoy civilian life,” she said.

She hopes her story motivates other young women across the Commonwealth and beyond.

“I just want girls and young women to know that women are awesome,” she said. “Don’t be afraid to go out there and do these things that some may think are generally geared toward men. We are women. We can do this. We can do anything.”

Martin admits she encountered many struggles and obstacles on her journey. She said her advice to overcome those is to keep trying, keep pushing forward. For her, dental school meant long nights of studying. During the entire program, she was only able to fail and re-do one class. She said she failed a class during her first semester meaning the rest of the school she had to pass every single class, which added significant stress, she said.

“There were a lot of tears along the way,” she said. “There were times I didn’t know if I could do it, but that’s when I would reach out to others for help. I have an amazing husband, family and support system — and a strong prayer relationship with God,” she said adding that the Kentucky Guard also offers resources and assistance for Soldiers as they plan their careers.

In addition, in 2015, Martin was deployed to Afghanistan where she assisted in operating an emergency dental clinic. During the deployment, she missed her child’s 16th birthday.

In balancing the obstacles that life throws along the way, she is quick to praise her husband, whom she refers to as her best friend, and their children for supporting her throughout the years. She also says she could not have made it to where she is today without her business partner.

But those who know Mitisha best, say she’s the inspiration.

“She is so determined with everything she sets her mind to,” said business partner Dr. Kristin Harris, who has known Martin since the two attended dental school together in 2004. “I admire her ability to give 100 percent to every project she starts, and the dedication she has to both her career and her family equally. That balance can be difficult, but she seems to carry it with ease.”

With 24 years of service and soon to be two deployments under her belt, Martin could retire from the Kentucky Guard. However, she continues to serve the Commonwealth and her country.

“If I got out today, every time I would see someone in uniform, I would instantly miss it,” she said. “Every time I put on the uniform I get a sense of pride just putting it on. I’m doing something worthwhile. That keeps me in.”

Cyber Shield 2020 tests readiness of Kentucky cyber teams with nationwide exercise Mon, 19 Oct 2020 14:52:01 +0000
Cyber Shield 2020. (U.S. Army National Guard graphic by Sgt. Jeffrey D. Reno)

Story by 1st Lt. Cody Stagner; photos by Sgt. Jeffrey Reno, Kentucky National Guard Public Affairs

FRANKFORT, Ky. — Advanced persistent cyber threats, such as email phishing, identity theft, insider threats, hacking, or spreading fear and inciting terrorism, are becoming more sophisticated.

Cyber Shield 2020 ran from Sept. 12-27 and aimed at mitigating these threats by cyber criminals with a defensively focused tactical cyber exercise.

Besides Guardsmen, they chose participants from law enforcement and the cyber protection industry to ensure the training met the requirements of our nation’s defense information infrastructure.

Twenty-nine members from Kentucky joined hundreds of other cyber professionals from the Army and Air National Guard, the Navy Reserve, and the commercial industry.

“This year, we had nearly 700 participants from 41 states,” said Maj. Dayna Sanders, the IT branch manager for the Kentucky National Guard.

Sanders has been the J3 (Operations Officer) for the past three Cyber Shield events.

“Even though we are in a pandemic, our state brought more Guardsmen than last year,” the eight-year participant of the national exercise said.

Nearly all Kentucky Guard’s major commands took part in the training. The majority came from Kentucky’s Defensive Cyber Operations element from the state’s headquarters, and the 175th Cyber Protection Team, which returned from a year-long deployment to Washington, D.C., earlier this year.

Kentucky National Guard cyber professionals receive briefings on national cyber threats, Sept. 21, at Boone National Guard Center in Frankfort, Ky. The training event, named Cyber Shield 2020, was held mostly virtual because of COVID-19 precautions. (U.S. Army National Guard photo by Sgt. Jeffrey D. Reno)

To minimize the risks of spreading and contracting COVID-19, Soldiers spent training time at home in a non-traditional classroom environment.

“The first week [training week] was all about training and best practices from the commercial and defense industries,” said Sanders. “We worked with Homeland Security, the FBI, many commercial organizations like Lexmark and Microsoft. Then, we also had two participants working with us from our Commonwealth Office of Technology and their security operations center there.”

Unique to this year, after the first couple of in-person instruction days, the cyber teams were free to go home and continue their training. With the introduction of Microsoft Teams, an online video conferencing and chatting software platform, participants from across the nation stayed within a keyboard’s reach from each other.

“The online working environment used throughout the exercise worked great to keep our teams communicating. But it brought one of the greatest challenges I had experienced in my career,” she said.

“As a leader, I must be able to talk with people over [Microsoft] Teams and have chat conversations. Without face-to-face interaction, I learned how much leadership was not taking place,” said Sanders.

Personal interaction allows for immediate feedback during a conversation.

She added, “The other challenge for me was not being able to assess the Soldiers. Communicating by text and teleconference doesn’t give you that. I can’t see their facial expressions or judge the mood they might be experiencing. I can’t tell if a Soldier is having problems at home. And if they are at home, I have that feeling they might miss out and not able to focus and leverage on the learning opportunity [of this event].”

Meeting and working with others in person during a team event also gives participants the chance to build camaraderie and lasting friendships, she explained.

The cyber professionals met in week two for the culminating event.

“For the last event, they gave us the task to help a large, made-up corporation named Prestige Worldwide. We had to assess their network,” Sanders said. “they gave us access to their networks, where we ran scans over their system. The problems would progressively escalate the more we analyzed them. Then, the more we worked to eliminate their vulnerabilities, the more issues we overcame. Eventually, the assessment lead into a major incident response, which we had to react.”

The 91st Cyber Brigade out of the Virginia National Guard managed the cyber network that tested the skills of the information technology professionals, much like how a firing range tests the shooting skills during an individual weapons qualification event.

Some of the largest issues we have in the Kentucky Guard are malicious software attacks and data loss. Cyber protection teams lower risks associated with these threats by focusing the training on defense-in-depth techniques that overcome these attacks. At Cyber Shield 2020, they witnessed, firsthand, the effectiveness of maintaining multiple layers of security on our networks.

“This event also served as a validation exercise for the defensive cyber operations elements and the cyber protection teams,” she said. “The next step is to get measurable metrics to see where we can improve on the state level.

Sanders praised her Troops and mission partners and the successes of the event.

“Our team collaborated and shared resources with 40 other states. Their mission partners included law enforcement, and they made contacts that will help them in their careers. Whether it’s internally on the Department of Defense network, or say it’s at the Commonwealth Office of Technology, or maybe a county clerk’s office, our people are now better equipped and trained to support their mission,” said Sanders.

John Brown’s raid and the establishment of the Kentucky State Guard Thu, 15 Oct 2020 14:00:53 +0000
Painting depicting John Brown’s Raid. John Brown armory and engine house building, 1859. (courtesy photo)

History article by John Trowbridge, Kentucky National Guard

John Brown’s Raid was an effort by abolitionist John Brown and his compatriots to start an armed slave revolt in October 1859, by taking over the United States Arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Va.

From Oct. 16-18, Brown and his eighteen followers held off the state militias of Maryland and Virginia. 1st Lt. Israel Greene and his company of U.S. Marines finally defeated Brown and his raiders. Brevet Lt. Col. Robert E. Lee was in overall command of the operation to retake the arsenal.

The Commonwealth of Virginia charged Brown with treason, murder, and leading slaves to rebel. Brown was found guilty of all charges and sentenced to death by hanging on Dec. 2, 1859.

Newspaper clip announcing the upcoming hanging of Capt. John Brown, Nov. 4, 1859. (courtesy photo)

Virginia authorities feared other radical abolitionists might attempt to rescue Brown from the gallows. They ordered 1,500 militiamen to provide security for the hanging. One of those men standing in the ranks of the Richmond Grays was Private John Wilkes Booth, the man whom some historians refer to as “the man who fired the last shot of the Civil War.”

On the day of his hanging, authorities kept the crowd away from Brown so they could not hear his last speech. However, Brown befriended one of his jailers and slipped him a note. They published this note in newspapers across the nation after his death:

“I, John Brown, am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land: will never be purged away; but with Blood. I had as I now think: vainly flattered myself that without very much bloodshed, it might be done.”

Brown’s prophetic words would soon come to fruition. In his final message, Brown seemed to be calling for war to put an end to slavery. Some historians have stated that the raid was a failure in the short term. However, it contributed to the 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln, the secession of seven states to form the Confederacy, and, ultimately, the American Civil War.

Following the raid, the Southern Slave States saw Brown as a traitor and threat to the nation. To abolitionists, his principles were admirable. Nevertheless, they saw him as misguided and unsuccessful.

painting depicting John Brown’s Raid. (courtesy photo)

Although Brown’s raid failed, it left a strong impression on the south. Southerners were in fear of slave uprisings and invasion by armed abolitionists. Even before his execution, some southern states began to evaluate their State Militia laws and organizations because the Federal Government had to put down the insurrection. Both North and South anticipated war. Changes to States’ militia laws and the organization of new companies began to occur across the country. These new commands focused on preparedness rather than the pageantry displayed by the militia of antebellum America.

If a raid had occurred in Kentucky at this time, how well would Kentucky’s Militia have fared?

One Kentucky newspaper defined the Kentucky militia as “holiday parade companies, scattered through the different cities in the state;” the state at one time had “something like an organization, and that the sap-head at Frankfort abolished that some time ago;” and “sounds of the fife and drum were now strangers to the ears of our people.”

Another description from the time stated, “Should any sudden emergency arise, we would have to rely upon individual, unorganized exertion to meet it, and experience teaches us that it will not do to place implicit faith in this.”

Camp Boone, 1860. (courtesy photo)

Pages 83-85, of the Military History of Kentucky, gives an idea of the organization and its status at the time of Brown’s raid:

“Until 1850, every able-bodied white man from eighteen to forty-five years of age was a potential Soldier. In that year, militia musters were discontinued throughout the state because the new state constitution provided that “the militia of the Commonwealth shall consist of all free able-bodied male persons (Negroes, mulattoes, and Indians excepted) resident in the same, between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years.”

However, they made no mention of their arming or organization as a military force. The law in effect before the third constitution became operative was now obsolete.

In 1851, the legislature reestablished a de facto military organization. This session’s acts directed the mustering of such residents as were contemplated by the constitution as the state’s enrolled military force. Under the same law, companies mustered in April, battalions mustered in May, brigades mustered in September, and regiments mustered in October. An amendment of Mar. 7, 1854, provided for a state-wide regimental muster on the first Saturday in June 1859, and after that in every sixth year on the first Saturday in June. This was to be the only muster.

As with her sister Southern States, Kentucky would have been ill-prepared and equipped to handle the situation. Newspapers and citizens’ groups across Kentucky were calling for:

“A thorough reorganization of the militia system of the Commonwealth. Under our (current) laws upon the subject, there is no enrollment of the militia of the state in consequence of which we do not receive half the quota of arms from the government we are annually entitled to. In case of insurrection, the enforcement of the laws by the executive, the suppression of mobs, or protection from internal or external danger, there is scarcely a single volunteer company which could be called into service. The existing laws should be repealed; volunteer companies should be formed in every county of the state; regular drills should be required; an encampment of several days in each district should be annually appointed by law; the martial spirit of our people should be revived, and a thorough reorganization of the militia, connected with the volunteer system, should be effected. Threatening dangers and a sense of security require it. The Harpers Ferry affair warns us that we know not at what moment we may have need of an active, ardent, reliable, patriotic, well-disciplined, and a thoroughly organized militia in Kentucky.”

Brown’s raid led to the reorganization of the Kentucky Militia into the Kentucky State Guard. On Mar. 5, 1860, Kentucky’s Legislature made provision for reorganizing the Kentucky Militia into a State Guard. The new Act divided the entire militia into three classes, namely: The active or volunteer militia to be known as the State Guard, the enrolled militia, and the militia of reserve. This Act made provisions for organizing the State Guard into companies, regiments, and brigades.

The passage of the State Guard law and then the growing belligerency–between the Northern and Southern states–stimulated the organization of State Guard companies. Several regiments were formed in the state, and active drilling continued until what had once been ridiculed as a “Cornstalk Militia” evolved into a body of men that ranked among the best-drilled troops in the West.

Selected to be in charge of the newly created Kentucky State Guard was an inspector general, Simon Bolivar Buckner. Buckner was a native Kentuckian, West Point graduate, and retired Captain of the U.S. Army. Buckner was commissioned as a Major General for his appointment.

Kentucky State Guard with Kentucky Gov. Beriah Magoffin. (courtesy photo)

During this time, Scott Brown, a native of Franklin County and political appointee, entered the office on Sept. 12, 1859, resigning when war was declared.

A report from General Buckner made in January 1861 showed the state as owning 11,283 muskets, 3,159 rifles, 2,873 cavalry arms outfits, and 53 fieldpieces. On conditions of the militia, the report showed “forty-five companies admirably drilled in rifle tactics, were handsomely uniformed and fully armed and equipped.” The legislature that received this report made no appropriation for further arming the state.

On Apr. 21, 1861, the Civil War began. Initially, Kentucky attempted to be neutral in the conflict, using the State Guard to protect her borders.

A proclamation by Governor Magoffin reconvened the legislature on May 6, 1861, and urged for an arms appropriation. He proclaimed a sum of $75,000 was to be used for the purchase of munitions, and none was to be used against the United States or the Confederate States, except to repel an invasion.

Neutrality did not work for Kentucky, as members of the Kentucky State Guard joined the ranks of both North and South.

By mid-1861, the Kentucky State Guard ceased to exist. The majority of the State Guard answered the call of the Confederacy, while Kentuckians, in general, joined the Union Army 2 to 1. The State of Kentucky remained in the Union. However, Frankfort, the State capitol, has the distinction of being the only Union state capitol captured by the Confederacy during the war.

By war’s end, an estimated 618,222 to 750,000 Confederate and Union Soldiers and Sailors were either killed, died, wounded, or missing. Brown’s maxim, “crimes of this guilty land: will never be purged away; but with Blood,” had been realized.

John Brown portrait, 1859. (courtesy photo)

* * *

Miscellaneous information about the Kentucky State Guard

West Point Graduates in the Kentucky State Guard:
Simon Bolivar Buckner. Class of 1844.
Hylan B. Lyon. Class of 1856.
Lloyd Tilghman. Class of 1836.
Abraham Buford. Class of 1841.
Ben Hardin Helm. Class of 1851.

Adjutant Generals of Kentucky that came from the Kentucky State Guard:
Ninth Adjutant General: DANIEL WEISIGER LINDSEY. Adjutant General of Kentucky: 1864–1867. Served in the Union Army during the war.
Fourteenth Adjutant General: JOSEPH PREYER NUCKOLS. Adjutant General of Kentucky: 1879–1883. Served in the Confederate Army during the war.

Uniform of the Kentucky State Guard:
General Order No. 5, Headquarters, Kentucky State Guard, Louisville.
Jul. 18 1860 –
“The full-dress coat (frock) and trousers would be of ‘cadet’ gray cloth and patterned after those of the French infantry of the line. A shoulder strap is adopted instead of epaulets, thus doing away with the square-shoulder appearance caused by the epaulet; thus allowing the symmetrical bend and form of the shoulder to be seen. The fatigue dress is exactly similar to that of the French Chasseurs as Pied.

Organization of the Kentucky State Guard:
Information for this section comes from various sources, i.e., Scott Brown’s, Officers of the Kentucky State Guard 1860 – 1861; 1939 Adjutant General’s Report, Military History of Kentucky; Armando J. Alfaro’s, The Paper Trail of the Kentucky National Guard; Special Orders, Kentucky State Guard; various newspaper across the Commonwealth.
There were units of the Kentucky State Guard located in 55 counties throughout Kentucky. Due to poor record keeping, eight units have personnel assigned, however, no official organization date is listed, five units have no personnel assigned nor an official date of organization, one company has an organizational date with no personnel listed. Additionally, four units made name changes and, a couple units had to split into separate units due to the large number of members. Initially, units were made up of men with different political ideas and beliefs, most were in support of Kentucky’s stand on neutrally. As the members of the Kentucky State Guard and the citizens of the state’s loyalties became more politically divided, so did the structure and develop of the units of the State Guard.

Major General Simon Bolivar Buckner, Inspector General and Commander of the Kentucky State Guard. Appointed, May 5 1860.

Lieutenant Colonel William Preston Johnson, Aide-de-Camp. Appointed, May 9 1860.
Lieutenant Colonel Charles F. Johnson, Aide-de-Camp. Appointed, Jan. 8 1861.

Colonel Ben Hardin Helm, Assistant Inspector General, Assistant Inspector General. Appointed May 5, 1860.
Major Alexander Casseday, Adjutant. Appointed Jan. 8, 1861.
Sergeant Columbus Brockenbough, Adjutant General’s Office, K. S. G.
Resigned, Apr. 22, 1861.
Sergeant Thomas N. Eastin, Assistant, Adjutant General’s Office, K. S. G.
Colonel Frank Tryon, Assistant Quartermaster General, Assistant Commissary General, K. S. G. Appointed, May 5, 1860.
Captain Philip Vacaro, Subsistence Department, K. S. G. Appointed, Sept. 1, 1860.
Captain William S. Dehoney, Quartermaster Department, K. S. G.
Appointed, Nov. 21, 1860.
Sergeant E. T. Crane, Quartermaster Sergeant, Quartermaster’s Department, K. S. G.
Sergeant George T. Shaw, Quartermaster Sergeant, Quartermaster’s Department, K. S. G.
Captain Henry J. Lyons, Quartermaster Department at Lexington.
Appointed, Feb. 19, 1861.
Colonel [Dr.] Isaac W. Scott, Assistant Surgeon General. Appointed, May 9 1860.
First Lieutenant F. W. McCabe, Assistant Surgeon. Appointed, Jan. 12 1861.
First Lieutenant Edward W. Meglone, Assistant Surgeon. Appointed, Jan. 8 1861.
First Lieutenant Charles A. Fischer, Assistant Surgeon. Appointed, Jan. 8 1861.
Major Joseph W. Benson, Surgeon, Headquarters, K. S. G. Appointed, Jan. 12 1861.
Major A. B. Cook, Surgeon at Louisville. Appointed, Jan. 8 1861.
First Lieutenant J. P. Phister, Surgeon at Louisville. Appointed, May 1861.
Major E. L. Dudley, Surgeon at Lexington. Appointed, Jan. 8 1861.
Major Henry M. Skillman, Surgeon at Lexington. Appointed, Jan. 8 1861.
Captain L. B. Todd, Assistant Surgeon at Lexington. Appointed, Feb. 19 1861.
Colonel George B. Hodge, Paymaster General.
Colonel Charles D. Pennebaker, Assistant Paymaster General. Appointed, May 5 1860.
Colonel Samuel Gill, Chief Engineer Kentucky State Guard. Appointed, Sept. 1 1860.
Captain James Noequet, Corps of Engineers. Appointed, May 16 1861.
Captain George S. Stealey, Topographic Engineers. Appointed, Jun. 4 1861.
Second Lieutenant Theodore H. Lowe, Corps of Engineers. Appointed, Jan. 18 1861.
Second Lieutenant Henry M. Curd, Corps of Engineers. Appointed, Jan. 8 1861.
Second Lieutenant M. M. Benton, Corps of Engineers at Covington. Appointed, Jun. 6 1861.
Captain R. T. Glass, Ordnance Department. Appointed, Jan. 9 1861.
First Lieutenant Rice E. Graves, Ordnance Department. Appointed, Jun. 3 1861.
Second Lieutenant William E. Milton, Ordnance Department. Appointed, Jan. 8 1861.
Major James A. Beattie, Judge Advocate General. Appointed, Aug. 9 1860.
Major William Atwood, Judge Advocate General. Appointed, Jun. 6 1861.
Reverend James Craik, D. D. Chaplain.

Special Orders Nos. 145 (dated May 29 1861) and 161 (dated Jun. 7 1861) appointed 51 individuals as Military Inspectors of their respective county on the Staff of the Kentucky State Guard with the rank of Major. The majority of these individuals were prominent members of the local community. [Section 3, amendment to the Militia Law, approved Apr. 4 1861.]

Anderson County: Jun. 7 1861. Major Joseph H. D. McKee, Lawrenceburg.
Bath County: May 29 1861. Major William G. Conner, Owingsville.
Boone County: Jun. 7 1861. Major [Dr.] S. S. Scott, Booneville.
Bourbon County: May 29 1861. Major R. H. Lindsay, Paris.
Boyd County: May 29 1861. Major George N. Brown, Catlettsburg.
Boyle County: Jun. 7 1861. Major Charles H. Rochester, Danville.
Breathitt County: May 29 1861. Major James Henderson Hargis, Jackson.
Bullitt County: May 29 1861. Major Wilhide Carpenter, Shepherdsville.
Caldwell County: May 29 1861. Major J. P. McGoodwin, Princeton.
Calloway County: Jun. 7 1861. Major G. A. C. Holt, Murray.
Carroll County: Jun. 7 1861. Major P. O. Turpin, Carrollton.
Carter County: May 29 1861. Major James Hannah, Grayson.
Clark County: May 29 1861. Major Roy Stuart Cluke, Pine Grove.
Daviess County: May 29 1861. Major John H. McHenry, Owensboro.
Fayette County: May 29 1861 . Major D. S. Goodloe, Lexington.
Fayette County: Jun. 7 1861. Major Speed S. Goodloe, Lexington.
Fleming County: May 29 1861. Major E. S. Fitch, Flemingsburg.
Floyd County: May 29 1861. Major John M. Burns, Prestonsburg.
Franklin County: Jun. 7 1861. Major [Colonel] Ambrose W. Dudley, Frankfort.
Greenup County: May 29 1861. Major H. M. Rust, Greenupsburg.
Hardin County: Jun. 7 1861. Major H. E. Read, Elizabethtown.
Harlan County: May 29 1861. Major Carlo Britain, Mt. Pleasant.
Hickman County: May 29 1861. Major W. D. Lanham, Fulton.
Jefferson County: Jun. 7 1861. Major Andrew Monroe, Louisville.
Jessamine County: Jun. 7 1861. Major Allen Lawrence McAfee, Nicholasville.
Johnson County: May 29 1861. Major Daniel Hager, Paintsville.
Kenton County: May 29 1861. Major C. G. Wallace, Covington.
Knox County: May 29 1861. Major John G. Eve, Barbourville.
Lawrence County: May 29 1861. Major William Vinson, Louisa.
Letcher County: May 29 1861. Major [Colonel] Joseph Cornett, Whitesburg.
Lincoln County: Jun. 7 1861. Major [Colonel] J. Warren Grigsby, Stanford.
Lyon County: Jun. 7 1861. Major [Captain] Hylan Benton Lyon, Eddyville.
Madison County: Jun. 7 1861. Major Thomas F. Stone, Richmond.
Magoffin County: May 29 1861. Major Henry Hager, Salyersville.
Mason County: May 29 1861. Major R. H. Stanton, Maysville.
Meade County: Jun. 7 1861. Major Jesse S. Taylor, Brandenburg.
Mercer County: Jun. 7 1861. Major William A. Hooe, Harrodsburg.
Montgomery County: May 29 1861. Major O. S. Tenny, Mt. Sterling.
Morgan County: May 29 1861. Major [Dr.] W. G. Carter, West Liberty.
Nelson County: May 29 1861. Major J. D. Elliott, Bardstown.
Ohio County: Jun. 7 1861. Major Thomas C. Taylor, Cool Springs.
Oldham County: May 29 1861. Major R. T. Jacob, Westport.
Perry County: May 29 1861. Major Robert S. Combs, Hazard.
Pike County: May 29 1861. Major [Colonel] Thomas C. Cecil, Piketon.
Powell County: May 29 1861. Major A. C. Daniel, Stanton, resigned: Jul. 22 1861.
Rockcastle County: Jun. 7 1861. Major J. Newcum, Mt. Vernon.
Scott County: May 29 1861. Major Benjamin F. Bradley, Georgetown.
Shelby County: May 29 1861. Major Walter C. Whitaker, Shelbyville.
Simpson County: May 29 1861. Major [Dr.] P. B. Tannehill, Franklin.
Trimble County: May 29 1861. Major James Young, Bedford.
Woodford County: May 29 1861. Major J. Kemp Goodloe, Versailles.

Brigadier General Thomas L. Crittenden. Appointed, Jun. 8 1861.
Major Daniel W. Lindsey, Adjutant. Appointed, Sept. 24 1861.
Captain Lewis E. Harvie, Aide-de-Camp. Appointed, Jul. 1 1861.
Captain George B. Monroe, Aide-de-Camp. Appointed, Sept. 24 1861.
Major J. Watson Barr, Brigade Inspector, Staff of Thomas L. Crittenden.
Appointed Sept. 24 1861.
Major E. L. Starling, Quartermaster, Staff of Thomas L. Crittenden.
Appointed, Sept. 21 1861.

First (Blue Grass) Regiment of Infantry—organized Nov. 6 1860, S. O. #25.
Colonel Roger Weightman Hanson. Appointed, Nov. 23 1860.
Lieutenant Colonel Thomas B. Monroe. Appointed, Nov. 23 1860.
Major R. N. Woolley, First Battalion, First Regiment.
Appointed Jun. 2 1861. Resigned Sept. 20 1861.
Richard C. Morgan, Adjutant. Appointed, Jan. 5 1861.
Captain Joseph C. Carter, Surgeon. Appointed, Jan. 5 1861. Resigned, Apr. 25 1861.
Captain Theophilus Steele, Surgeon. Appointed Apr. 30 1861, vice Joseph C. Carter.
George T. Cotton, Quartermaster. Appointed, Jan. 5 1861.
Charles N. Hamey, Paymaster. Appointed, Jan. 5 1861.
The Regiment consisted of the following Battalions:
First Battalion. Lexington Battalion.
Second Battalion. Bourbon Battalion.
Third Battalion. Kentucky River Battalion.

Second Regiment of Infantry—organized Apr. 20 1861, S. O. #66.
Colonel Thomas H. Hunt. Appointed, Apr. 24 1861.
Lieutenant Colonel J. H. Morton Morris. Appointed, Jun. 8 1861.
Major Robert McKee, Second Battalion, Second Regiment. Appointed Jun. 8 1861.
Captain Henry W. Gray, Quartermaster. Appointed, May 17 1861.
Captain [Dr.] Thomas Palmer Satterwhite, Surgeon. Appointed, May 17 1861.

Third Regiment of Infantry—organized May 1861.
Colonel Thomas L. Crittenden. Appointed, May 8 1861.
Lieutenant Colonel Hubbard T. Buckner. Appointed, May 8 1861.

Fourth Regiment of Infantry—organized May 1861.
Colonel Lloyd Tilghman. Appointed, May 20 1861.

Louisville Battalion—organized May 7 1860, S.O. #1.
Major Thomas H. Hunt. Appointed, May 25 1860.
First Lieutenant [Dr.] Thomas Palmer Satterwhite, Assistant Surgeon.
Appointed, Aug. 21 1860.
Company 1. Citizens Guards, Louisville.
Company 2. National Blues, Louisville.
Company 3. Jackson Guards, Louisville.
Company 4. Hardin Company of Light Infantry, Elizabethtown.
Company 5. Nelson Grays, Bardstown.
Company 6. Bitter Water Blues, Shepherdsville.
Company 7. Citizens’ Artillery, Louisville.

Bourbon Battalion—organized Jun. 13 1860, S.O. #2.
Major H. M. McDowell. Appointed, Jun. 23 1860.
Company 1. Flat Rock Greys, Flat Rock.
Company 2. Kentucky Guards, Leesburg.
Company 3. Bourbon Rangers, N. Middletown.
Company 4. Harrison Rifles, Cynthiana.

Green River Battalion—organized Jun. 13 1860, S.O. #3.
Major P. B. Hawkins. Appointed, Jun. 23 1860.
Company 1. The Warren Voltiguers, Bowling Green.
Company 2. The Logan Guards, Russellville.

Lexington Battalion—organized May 7 1860, S.O. #1.
Major Thomas P. Johnson. Appointed, May 19 1860.
Company 1. Governor’s Guards, Frankfort.
Company 2. Lexington Rifles, Lexington.
Company 3. Union Greys, Georgetown.
Company 4. Lexington Chasseurs, Lexington.
Company 5. Woodford Blues, Versailles.
Company 6. Bourbon Rangers, North Middletown.
Company 7. Governor’s Red Artillery, Frankfort.

Lexington Battalion—reorganized Jun. 15 1860, S.O. #4.
Major Abraham Buford. Appointed, Jun. 23 1860.
Company 1. Governor’s Guard, Frankfort.
Company 2. Governor’s Red Artillery, Frankfort.
Company 3. Lexington Rifles, Lexington.
Company 4. Lexington Chasseurs, Lexington.
Company 5. Union Greys, Georgetown.
Company 6. Woodford Blues, Versailles.
Company 7. Jessamine Rifles, Nicholasville.
Company 8. Mount Vernon Guards, Mount Vernon (Nov. 6 1860).
Company 9. Winchester Guards, Winchester (Nov. 6 1860).

Marion Rifle Battalion—organized Aug. 11 1860, S.O. #5.
Major William E. Woodruff, commanding. Appointed Aug. 15 1860.
Joseph R. Peach, Adjutant.
R. G. Hawkins, Commissary and Paymaster.
Dr. R. Pirtle, Assistant Surgeon.
William Jackson, Sergeant Major.
M. J. Wright, Quartermaster Sergeant.
James Mathews, Drum Major.
John Hughes, Commissary Sergeant.
Company A, Marion Rifles, Louisville.
Company B, Marion Rifles, Louisville.

Salt River Battalion—organized Sept. 7 1860, S.O. #12.
Major Thomas H. Hays. Appointed, Sept. 22 1860.
Company 1. Bitter Water Blues, Shepherdsville.
Company 2. Hardin County Light Infantry, Elizabethtown.
Company 3. Salt River Rangers, Pitts Point.
Company 4. Nelson Greys, Bardstown.
Company 5. Beechfork Rangers, Fredericktown. (Nov. 6 1860).

Shelby Battalion—organized Sept. 8 1860, S.O. #13.
Major Harvey M. Buckley. Appointed, Sept. 24 1860.
Company 1. Shelby Guards, Simpsonville.
Company 2. Minnie Greys, Shelbyville.
Company 3. New Castle Guards, New Castle.
Company 4. Trimble Rifles, Bedford.

On Nov. 6 1860, S. O. #18.  General Buckner directed that "until the formation of other companies will justify a separate organization the following named companies are assigned to the respective battalions named, viz:
The Mount Vernon Guards to the Lexington Battalion.
The Winchester Company to the Lexington Battalion.
The Beechfork Ranger to the Salt River Battalion.

Adair Battalion—organized Nov. 7 1860, S.O. #19.
Major Edward H. Hobson. Appointed, Nov. 24 1860.
Company 1. Greensburg Guards, Greensburg.
Company 2. Adair Guards, Columbia.
Company 3. Pulaski Sentinels, Somerset.
Company 4. Clinton Guards, Albany.

Henderson Battalion—organized Nov. 6 1860, S.O. #20, also S. O. #27, dated Dec. 8 1860.
Major William H. Miller. Appointed, Dec. 15 1860.
Company 1. Henderson Guard, Henderson.
Company 2. Henderson Cavalry, Henderson.
Company 3. Uniontown Riflemen, Uniontown.

Kentucky River Battalion—organized Nov. 6 1860, S.O. #21.
Major John B. Major. Appointed, Nov. 23 1860.
Major Alexander Wake Holeman. Appointed, Aug. 15 1861.
First Lieutenant John L. Phythion, Assistant Surgeon. Appointed, Dec. 7 1860.
Company 1. Governor’s Guards, Frankfort.
Company 2. Governor’s Red Artillery, Frankfort.
Company 3. Woodford Blues, Versailles.
Company 4. Woodford Greys, Millville.
Company 5. Owenton Guards, Owenton.

Morgan Battalion—organized Nov. 6 1860, S. O. #22.
Major Thomas Bristow. Appointed, Dec. 1 1860.
Company 1. Mountain Rangers, West Liberty.
Company 2. Morgan Legion, Morgan County.
Company 3. Wolfe Rangers, Wolfe County.
Company 4. Campton Greys, Campton.
Company 5. Mountain Greys, Jackson.

South West Battalion—organized Nov. 6 1860, S.O. #23.
Major Lloyd Tilghman. Appointed, Dec. 3 1860.
Adjutant John S. Shields, and Paymaster. Appointed, Mar. 1 1861.
Company 1. Paducah City Guards, Paducah.
Company 2. Clinton Rifles, Clinton.
Company 3. Mayfield Company, Mayfield.

Licking River Battalion—organized Nov. 8 1860, S. O. #24.
Major Samuel K. Hays. Appointed, Nov. 23 1860.
First Lieutenant William Hays, Assistant Surgeon. Appointed, Dec. 20 1860.
Company 1. Kentucky Grays, Covington.
Company 2. Pendleton Grays, Falmouth.
Company 3. Marion Artillery, Covington.
Company 4. Bozaris Greys, Germantown.

Ohio River Battalion—organized no date given.
Company 1. Bedford Greys, Bedford. S. O. #77, dated Apr. 22 1861.

Mason Battalion—organized no date given.
Major J. B. Harris. Appointed, May 8 1861.

Adair Guards, Columbia. Organized May 19 1860.
Captain, William E. Russell.
First Lieutenant, W. H. Spencer.
Second Lieutenant, James W. Atkins.
Third Lieutenant, William S. Turpin.
Reorganized Jul. 13 1861:
Captain, Simeon Cravins.
First Lieutenant, Nat Gaither, Jr.
Second Lieutenant, James W. Atkins.
Third Lieutenant, William S. Turpin.

Anderson Guards, Lawrenceburg. Organized August 1861.
Captain, Gran Utterback.
First Lieutenant, James F. Witherspoon/J. K. Gaines.
Second Lieutenant, W. H. Bowen.
Third Lieutenant, S. E. Bratton.

Ballard Guards, Blandville. Organized May 18 1860.
Captain, Charles Wickliffe.
First Lieutenant, William M. Coffey.
Second Lieutenant, L. J. Sherrell.
Third Lieutenant, John Woodfork.
Woodville Cavalry, Woodville. Organized no date given.
Captain, not listed.
First Lieutenant, not listed.
Second Lieutenant, not listed.
Third Lieutenant, not listed.

Glasgow Guards, Glasgow. Organized Aug. 28 1860.
Captain, Joseph P. Nuckols.
First Lieutenant, Willis G. Thompson.
Second Lieutenant, Roch F. Robb.
Third Lieutenant, no election.
Rocky Hill Guards, Barren County. Organized Feb. 16 1861.
Captain, D. P. Barclay.
First Lieutenant, J. G. Hudson.
Second Lieutenant, S. J. Mathews.
Third Lieutenant, N. D. Clayton.

Boone Guards, Union. Organized Feb. 18 1861.
Captain, J. Milton Stansifer.
First Lieutenant, Volney Dickerson.
Second Lieutenant, B. H. Stansifer.
Third Lieutenant, W. C. Stansifer.

Bourbon Rangers, North Middletown. Organized May 12 1860.
Captain, James W. Stivers/Joseph W. Stears.
First Lieutenant, J. T. Harris.
Second Lieutenant, H. C. Hutchcraft.
Third Lieutenant, J. B. Stivers.
Flat Rock Greys, Flat Rock. Organized May 19 1860.
Captain, William P. Bramlette.
First Lieutenant, H. T. Wilson.
Second Lieutenant, N. W. Fowle.
Third Lieutenant, J. T. DeGarnett.
Hamilton Guards, Paris. Organized May 20 1861.
Captain, John S. Hope.
First Lieutenant, Sam Hawes.
Second Lieutenant, none listed.
Third Lieutenant, none listed.

Bozaris Grays, Germantown. Bracken and Mason Counties. Organized Jul. 4 1860.
Captain, J. B. Harris.
First Lieutenant, J. M. Nolen.
Second Lieutenant, J. R. Wilson.
Third Lieutenant, E. J. Thompson.

Mountain Greys, Jackson. Organized no date listed.
Captain, John W. Cardwell.
First Lieutenant, James Henderson Hargis.
Second Lieutenant, George W. Calmes.
Third Lieutenant, A. C. Bowman.

Bitter Water Blues, Shepherdsville. Organized May 14 1860.
Captain, Philip Lee.
First Lieutenant, A. H. Field.
Second Lieutenant, James W. Rogers.
Third Lieutenant, James W. Hoagland.
Hays Guards, Mt. Washington. Organized May 29 1861.
Captain, R. A. Shadburn.
First Lieutenant, R. H. Goode.
Second Lieutenant, James Pratt.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, Richard Pratt.
Mt. Washington Guards, Mt. Washington. Organized Feb. 16 1861.
Captain, J. H. Wright.
First Lieutenant, J. W. Stallings.
Second Lieutenant, Thomas J. Hall.
Third Lieutenant, A. R. Carothers.
Salt River Rangers, Pitts Point. Organized May 15 1860. Reorganized Nov. 28 1860.
Captain, Thomas H. Hays/John Henry Hollaway.
First Lieutenant, F. H. Foster.
Second Lieutenant, B. R. Myers/Allen Snellen.
Third Lieutenant, John Henry Hollaway/Allen Snellen/J. H. Sweeney.

Beauregards, Princeton. Organized Apr. 29 1861.
Captain, James M. Pearce.
First Lieutenant, Albert McGoodwin.
Second Lieutenant, Y. W. Rucker.
Third Lieutenant, R. S. McGoodwin.


Campbell Rangers, Alexandria. Organized Feb. 18 1861.
Captain, B. J. Beall.
First Lieutenant, H. K. Smith.
Second Lieutenant, T. J. Shaw.
Third Lieutenant, D. A. Thatcher.
Crittenden Guards, Flagg Spring. Organized Feb. 21 1861.
Captain John Calvin Demoss.
First Lieutenant Ben Newkirk.
Second Lieutenant, William Francis Corbin.
Third Lieutenant, Joseph Kinney.
Washington Artillery, Newport. Organized Mar. 6 1861.
Captain, George D. Allen/J. R. Ashton.
First Lieutenant, J. R. Ashton.
Second Lieutenant, Kenney L. How.
Third Lieutenant, J. B. Erwin.

Butler Guards, Carrollton. Organized Jun. 15 1861.
Captain, Henry Litner Giltner.
First Lieutenant, Moses Tandy Pryor.
Second Lieutenant, S. T. Strother.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, G. B. Giltner.
Carroll Greys, Ghent. Organized May 4 1861.
Captain, John G. Scott.
First Lieutenant, C. B. Lindsay.
Second Lieutenant, George D. Sebrer.
Third Lieutenant, James A. Bond.
Carrollton Riflemen, Carrollton. Organized Mar. 8 1861.
Captain, G. P. Gullion.
First Lieutenant, W. H. Vanpelt/L. O. Neal.
Second Lieutenant, L. O. Neal/Thomas M. Barrett.
Third Lieutenant, Thomas M. Barrett/Charles H. Powell.
Ghent Artillery, Ghent. Organized May 18 1861.
Captain, W. B. Lindsey.
First Lieutenant, J. J. Orr.
Second Lieutenant, W. G. Tilton.
Third Lieutenant, Robert Ellis.
Invincibles, Hunter’s Bottom. Organized no date given.
Captain, W. J. Hoagland.
First Lieutenant, William H. Bradley.
Second Lieutenant, Henry Spillman.
Third Lieutenant, Jarrett Banks.

Winchester Guards, Winchester. Organized no date given.
Captain, L. C. Webster.
First Lieutenant, G. M. Jackson.
Second Lieutenant, Nelson T. Bush.
Third Lieutenant, H. S. Parrish.

Clinton Guards, Albany. Organized Jun. 4 1860.
Captain, H. S. Taylor.
First Lieutenant, W. D. Hopkins.
Second Lieutenant, William Perkins.
Third Lieutenant, J. P. Miller.

Griffith Guards, Owensboro. Organized Jul. 2 1861.
Captain, J. H. Millett.
First Lieutenant, Clinton McClarty.
Second Lieutenant, D. C. Hughes.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, T. H. Winstead.

Ashland Rifles, Lexington. Organized May 11 1861.
Captain, Robert J. Breckenridge, Jr./B. H. Allen.
First Lieutenant, C. W. Foushee.
Second Lieutenant, Thomas Frazier.
Third Lieutenant, none listed.
Lexington Cavalry Company, Lexington. Organized May 18 1861.
Captain, R. S. Bullock.
First Lieutenant, William C. P. Breckinridge.
Second Lieutenant, Benn F. Pettit.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, L. C. Graves.
Lexington Chasseurs, Lexington. Organized May 9 1860.
Captain Sanders D. Bruce.
First Lieutenant, John C. Cochran.
Second Lieutenant, William T. Matheny.
Third Lieutenant, C. H. Harvey.
Lexington Rifles, Lexington. Organized May 9 1860.
Captain, John Hunt Morgan.
First Lieutenant, Thomas B. Monroe/R. W. Nolley.
Second Lieutenant, Charles F. Calvert.
Third Lieutenant, William McCracken.
Old Lexington Infantry, Lexington. Organized Sept. 7 1860.
Captain, Samuel D. McCullough/S. W. Price.
First Lieutenant, S. W. Price/John B. Norton.
Second Lieutenant, John B. Norton/Richard H. Prewitt.
Third Lieutenant, Richard H. Prewitt/T. L. Lowny.
South Elkhorn Cavalry, Slickaway. Organized May 4 1861.
Captain, H. W. Worley.
First Lieutenant, George W. McMillan.
Second Lieutenant, D. S. Harris.
Third Lieutenant, Richard Stanhope.

Bridgeport Guards/Major Grays, Bridgeport. Organized May 11 1861.
Captain, E. O. Hawkins.
First Lieutenant, J. W. Jenkins.
Second Lieutenant, William H. Hall.
Third Lieutenant, J. T. Gaines.
Governor’s Guards, Frankfort. Organized May 5 1860.
Captain, John B. Major.
First Lieutenant, Daniel W. Lindsey.
Second Lieutenant, George B. Monroe.
Third Lieutenant, George Bibb Burnley.
Reorganized Jul. 29 1861.
Captain, S. I. Major.
First Lieutenant, John M. Hewett.
Second Lieutenant, W. T. B. South.
Second Lieutenant, G. R. Vallandingham.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, Robert L. Russell.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, J. B. Montgomery.
Governor’s Red Artillery, Frankfort. Organized no date given.
Captain, Sanford Goins.
First Lieutenant, C. T. Egbert.
Second Lieutenant, G. R. Vallandingham.
Third Lieutenant, F. M. Chambers.

Gallatin Rifles/Greys, Warsaw. Organized Feb. 16 1861.
Captain, J. J. Landram.
First Lieutenant, J. J. Crit Furnish
Second Lieutenant, S. P. Coffin.
Second Lieutenant, R. L. Ireland.
Third Lieutenant, J. H. Hoggin.

Boyed Grays, Baltimore. Organized Mar. 9 1861.
Captain, L. S. Slagden.
First Lieutenant, F. W. Kenneday.
Second Lieutenant, J. W. Bostwick.
Third Lieutenant, T. J. Gregory.
Dukedom Rifles, Dukedom (Cuba). Organized May 6 1861.
Captain, J. M. Emerson.
First Lieutenant, L. P. Ridgeway.
Second Lieutenant, B. F. Powell.
Third Lieutenant, J. F. Cayce.
Feliciana Invincible, Feliciana. Organized May 18 1861.
Captain, James G. Pirtle.
First Lieutenant, J. A. Collins.
Second Lieutenant, J. C. Williams.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, F. M. Cannon.
Mayfield Guards, Mayfield. Organized Feb. 23 1861.
Captain, A. R. Boone.
First Lieutenant, W. M. Cargill.
Second Lieutenant, A. J. Pryor.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, S. E. Lander.
Tilghman Grays, Dublin. Organized Mar. 8 1861.
Captain, C. W. Brooks.
First Lieutenant, B. S. Williams.
Second Lieutenant, M. L. Smith.
Third Lieutenant, N. L. Read.

Greensburg Guards, Greensburg. Organized May 10 1860.
Captain, Edward H. Hobson.
First Lieutenant, Charles D. Moore.
Second Lieutenant, John A. Adair.
Third Lieutenant, Benjamin B. Scott.
Reorganized Jan. 8 1861.
Captain, Charles D. Moore.
First Lieutenant, John A. Adair.
Second Lieutenant, Benjamin B. Scott.
Third Lieutenant, Ossian F. Ward.

Greenup Guards, Greenupsburg (Greenup). Organized Mar. 16 1861.
Captain, William S. Kowns.
First Lieutenant, J. L. Warring.
Second Lieutenant, J. H. Blake.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, John P. Twyford.
Tygart Guards, Springville (South Portsmouth). Organized Apr. 22 1861.
Captain, Charles Kinney.
First Lieutenant, W. B. Thompson.
Second Lieutenant, John T. Thompson.
Third Lieutenant, A. B. Thompson/Moses A. Pickens.

Hancock Rifles, Hawesville. Organized Apr. 27 1861.
Captain, William Bader.
First Lieutenant, Samuel Hugs.
Second Lieutenant, James A. Munday.
Third Lieutenant, John S. Lamar.

Caffer Guards, Elizabethtown. Organized Jun. 10 1861.
Captain, G. W. Mason.
First Lieutenant, Harvey Miller.
Second Lieutenant, Edward J. Freeman.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, William J. Grisling.
Hardin County Rifles/Light Infantry, Elizabethtown. Organized May 15 1860.
Captain, Martin H. Cofer.
First Lieutenant, M. R. McCulloch.
Second Lieutenant, Charles H. Thomas.
Third Lieutenant, Lucien B. Miller.

Harrison Rifles, Cynthiana. Organized May 14 1860.
Captain, H. M. McDowell/Joseph Desha/James N. Frazier.
First Lieutenant, Joseph Desha/James N. Frazier/D. G. Hale.
Second Lieutenant, James N. Frazier/William H. Roberts/R. H. Innis.
Third Lieutenant, William H. Roberts/D. G. Hale.
Jackson Rifles, Cynthiana. Organized May 29 1861.
Captain, Benjamin Desha.
First Lieutenant, W. W. Cleary.
Second Lieutenant, T. W. Anderson.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, A. J. Beale.
Kentucky Guards, Leesburg. Organized May 12 1860.
Captain, L. B. Offutt/R. F. Arnet.
First Lieutenant, James T. Brock.
Second Lieutenant, A. M. Anderson
Third Lieutenant, J. M. Hill.
McDowell Guards, Cynthiana. Organized Jan. 26 1861.
Captain, W. S. Rogers/R. M. Kelley.
First Lieutenant, R. M. Kelley/J. M. Givens/James A. Withers.
Second Lieutenant, A. Welsh.
Third Lieutenant, O. Kennard.

Hart County Rifles, Rowletts (Horse Cave). Organized Jun. 8 1861.
Captain, P. L. Maxey.
First Lieutenant, W. E. Garnet.
Second Lieutenant, W. F. Gorin.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, W. L. Maxey.

Clayton Rifles, Henderson. Organized May 19 1860.
Captain, not listed.
First Lieutenant, not listed.
Second Lieutenant, not listed.
Third Lieutenant, not listed.
Henderson Cavalry, Henderson. Organized Aug. 25 1860.
Captain, J. S. Norris.
First Lieutenant, Samuel M. Elam.
Second Lieutenant, S. S. Hicks.
Third Lieutenant, J. R. White.
Henderson Guards, Henderson. Organized May 23 1860.
Captain, E. G. Hall.
First Lieutenant, R. T. Glass.
Second Lieutenant, James H. Holloway.
Third Lieutenant, George L. Dixon.

New Castle Guards, New Castle. Organized Jul. 14 1860.
Captain, Harvey M. Buckley.
First Lieutenant, Joseph Brinker.
Second Lieutenant, Ben B. Gray.
Third Lieutenant, R. L. Shouse.

Clinton Rifles, Clinton. Organized May 19 1860.
Captain, W. Lindsay.
First Lieutenant, S. Watson Pennick.
Second Lieutenant, T. L. Dodge.
Third Lieutenant, Peter W. Galbraith.
Columbus Independent Guards, Columbus. Organized Jan. 23 1861.
Captain, George T. Barrett.
First Lieutenant, James Irwin.
Second Lieutenant, T. M. Horne.
Third Lieutenant, H. F. Lester.

Armstrong Guards, Louisville. Organized May 9 1861.
Captain, James G. Gorsuch.
First Lieutenant, R. Bany.
Second Lieutenant, Thomas Bany.
Third Lieutenant, Henry Buchanan.
Ben Adams Guards/National Greys, Louisville. Organized Mar. 22 1861.
Name changed July 1861.
Captain, D. W. Lawler/ D. Cleris Symmes.
First Lieutenant, G. W. Powell/L. S. Bartlett.
Second Lieutenant, J. F. Price.
Third Lieutenant, J. Reynolds.
Buckner Greys, Louisville. Organized Feb. 25 1861.
Captain, John G. P. Hooe.
First Lieutenant, W. P. Simpson.
Second Lieutenant, Thomas G. Magrane.
Third Lieutenant, George Buck Overton/H. Morgan.
Citizen Artillery, Louisville. Organized May 5 1860.
Captain, Joseph B. Watkins/David C. Stone.
First Lieutenant, David C. Stone/James A. Dunwoody.
Second Lieutenant, L. E. Duvall.
Third Lieutenant, John H. Wells/George P. Albert. Norris.
Reorganized Nov. 4 1860, as the Louisville Battery.
Captain, David C. Stone.
First Lieutenant, L. E. Duvall.
Second Lieutenant, U. B. Reaugh.
Third Lieutenant, J. N. Parrish.
Citizens’ Guards, Louisville. Organized May 5 1860.
Captain, Alexander Casseday/J. H. Morton Morris/Robert Biggs.
First Lieutenant, J. H. Morton Morris/S. F. Chipley/Thomas J. Clay.
Second Lieutenant, S. F. Chipley/Roberts Biggs/S. S. Craik.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, Thomas J. Clay/J. Val. Cowling.
Third Lieutenant, John M. Semple/Thomas J. Clay/William Mangan.
Reorganized August 1861, Company A & B, Citizens’ Guards.
In August 1861, the Citizen Guard was reorganized into Company A, under Captain
Robert Biggs; and Company B, under command of First Lieutenant Thomas J. Clay.
Clay Chasseurs, Louisville. Organized Apr. 20 1861.
Captain, Charles D. Jacobs.
First Lieutenant, James H. Huber.
Second Lieutenant, B. F. Karsner.
Third Lieutenant, Guy Flusser.
Garvin Rifles, Louisville. Organized May 7 1861.
Captain, William Mangan.
First Lieutenant, T. M. Smith.
Second Lieutenant, Harry Watson.
Third Lieutenant, Frank Quinn.
Gay Guards, Louisville. Organized Jun. 7 1861.
Captain, E. D. Ricketts.
First Lieutenant, J. Taylor Berry.
Second Lieutenant, S. S. Meddis.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, S. R. Green.
Harper Light Artillery, Louisville. Organized no date given.
Captain, not listed.
First Lieutenant, not listed.
Second Lieutenant, not listed.
Third Lieutenant, not listed.
Hunt Guards, Louisville. Organized Jan. 12 1861.
Captain, Dr. D. W. Lawler/Clarence J. Prentice/Alex Evans.
First Lieutenant, Joseph A. Zanone.
Second Lieutenant, William Preston Graves.
Third Lieutenant, George P. Talbot.
Independent Marion Rifle Zouaves, Louisville. Organized no date given.
Captain, Jack Hughes.
First Lieutenant, none listed.
Second Lieutenant, none listed.
Third Lieutenant, none listed.
Jackson Guards, Louisville. Organized May 11 1860. Reorganized May 24 1861.
Captain, James McDermott/Patrick Bannon/P. H. O’Connor.
First Lieutenant, Patrick Bannon/D. P. Maxey.
Second Lieutenant, D. P. Maxey/Martin Shelley.
Third Lieutenant, Thomas Flynn.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, William Campbell.
Johnston Rifles, Louisville. Organized May 18 1861.
Captain, J. C. Johnston, Jr.
First Lieutenant, Thomas T. Summers.
Second Lieutenant, J. J. Schoenberger.
Third Lieutenant, Fred Lentsch.
Kentucky Rangers, Louisville. Organized Feb. 2 1861.
Captain, Benson Ormsby.
First Lieutenant, James W. Bowles.
Second Lieutenant, Wallace W. Herr.
Third Lieutenant, George E. Russell.
Kentucky Riflemen, Louisville. Organized Apr. 24 1861.
Captain, John McGill.
First Lieutenant, Phillip T. German.
Second Lieutenant, Charles Vonderhite.
Third Lieutenant, H. W. Rau.
Louisville Life Guards, Louisville. Organized Jun. 21 1860.
Captain, John B. McKown/Ellis L. Aker/John Turner.
First Lieutenant, John B. McKown.
Second Lieutenant, James W. Looney/Leonard B. Lawrence.
Third Lieutenant, A. B. Wynn/Andrew J. Gump.
Louisville Zouaves, Louisville. Organized Jun. 7 1861.
Captain, Thomas W. Thompson/Russell M. Cunningham/John H. Weller.
First Lieutenant, John H. Weller/Robert S. Shanks/Alonzo Montcalm.
Second Lieutenant, Alonzo Montcalm/William Irvin.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, Thomas W. Meade.
Magoffin Greys, Louisville. Organized Apr. 22 1861.
Captain, Preston Rogers.
First Lieutenant, William D. Chipley.
Second Lieutenant, Henry G. Davidson.
Third Lieutenant, William Ernst.
Marion Rifles, Company A, Louisville. Organized Jun. 9 1860.
Captain, James B. Harvey.
First Lieutenant, J. G. Jones/R. G. Hawkins.
Second Lieutenant, J. N. Shepherd.
Third Lieutenant, J. H. Weinadel.
Marion Rifles, Company B, Louisville. Organized Jun. 12 1860.
Captain, L. B. Lovett.
First Lieutenant, Joseph R. Peach.
Second Lieutenant, William S. Phillips/Joseph H. Kemp.
Third Lieutenant, W. G. Stone/William Mangan.
Musselman Riflemen, Louisville. Organized no date given.
Captain, William Patterson.
First Lieutenant, Joseph Hey.
Second Lieutenant, W. T. Evans.
Third Lieutenant, D. R. Musselman.
National Blues, Louisville. Organized May 8 1860.
Captain, A. L. Symmes/William Logan Clarke.
First Lieutenant, William Logan Clarke.
Second Lieutenant, Henry C. Anderson.
Third Lieutenant, T. E. Elliott/William B. Hagen.
Reorganized Jun. 18 1861.
Captain, W. L. Clarke.
First Lieutenant, J. H. Luthers.
Second Lieutenant, S. H. Buchanan
Brevet Second Lieutenant, W. McCready.
Newcomb Greys, Louisville. Organized May 14 1861.
Captain, N. H. Childs.
First Lieutenant, L. W. Tucker.
Second Lieutenant, J. S. Evans.
Third Lieutenant, O. Ellis.
Ormsby Guards, Louisville. Organized Jan. 15 1861.
Captain, John D. Pope.
First Lieutenant, Phil M. Victor.
Second Lieutenant, R. B. Pennington.
Third Lieutenant, Charles W. Kleisendorff.
Preston Greys, Louisville. Organized Apr. 26 1861.
Captain, William Bell.
First Lieutenant, John T. G. Galt/William Irwin.
Second Lieutenant, J. W. Ghiselin.
Third Lieutenant, William Irwin.
Stokes Fencibles, Louisville. Organized no date given.
Captain, Frank Tyron.
First Lieutenant, not listed.
Second Lieutenant, not listed.
Third Lieutenant, not listed.
Walker Rangers/Guards, Fisherville. Organized May 4 1861.
Captain, George W. Walker.
First Lieutenant, F. H. Gilliland.
Second Lieutenant, S. P. Missex.
Third Lieutenant, M. L. Reid.
Washington Riflemen, Louisville. Organized Sept. 3 1860.
Captain, Christian N. Knapp/Peter Emge.
First Lieutenant, Peter Emge/Louis Schwertz.
Second Lieutenant, Fredrick Buckner.
Third Lieutenant, Carl Kuhl.
Yandell Greys, Louisville. Organized no date given.
Captain, John H. Weller.
First Lieutenant, none listed.
Second Lieutenant, none listed.
Third Lieutenant, none listed.

Jessamine Rifles, Nicholasville. Organized May 26 1860.
Captain, T. W. Olds.
First Lieutenant, George M. Wetmore.
Second Lieutenant, William H. Daniels.
Third Lieutenant, H. H. Daniels.

Buckner Guards, Covington. Organized Jan. 12 1861.
Captain, Hubbard T. Buckner/William Repass/John R. Pirtle.
First Lieutenant, B. Delany.
Second Lieutenant, Ben Conner/Philip Orr/Joseph A. Smith.
Third Lieutenant, Woodford Arnold.
Home Guard of Covington/Maderia Guards, Covington. Organized no date given.
Captain, — Maderia.
First Lieutenant, S. V. Reid/— Blackburn.
Second Lieutenant, not listed.
Third Lieutenant, not listed.
Independent Kentucky Rovers, Covington. Organized no date given.
Captain, not listed.
First Lieutenant, not listed.
Second Lieutenant, not listed.
Third Lieutenant, not listed.
Kenton Cadets, Covington. Organized no date given.
Captain, not listed.
First Lieutenant, not listed.
Second Lieutenant, not listed.
Third Lieutenant, not listed.
Kentucky Grays, Covington. Organized May 23 1860.
Captain, Samuel K. Hays.
First Lieutenant, Alford Martin.
Second Lieutenant, J. W. Lehman/James W. Tyrack.
Third Lieutenant, James W. Tyrack/James M. Blackburne.
Marion Artillery, Covington. Organized Feb. 28 1861.
Captain, R. Richardson.
First Lieutenant, Nathaniel Pratte.
Second Lieutenant, John Thompson.
Third Lieutenant, M. T. Champion.

Logan Guards, Russellville. Organized May 28 1860.
Captain, George R. Bibb.
First Lieutenant, Thomas J. Jeffres.
Second Lieutenant, John H. Caldwell.
Third Lieutenant, John Creighton.

Lyon County Company, Eddyville. Organized May 13 1861.
Captain, H. B. Lyon.
First Lieutenant, R. Cobb.
Second Lieutenant, F. P. Gracey.
Third Lieutenant, John Leonard.

Magoffin Cavalry, Richmond. Organized Jun. 3 1861.
Captain, E. F. Halloway.
First Lieutenant, Edward W. Turner.
Second Lieutenant, J. F. Oldham.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, Joe Collins.
Silver Creek Rangers, Madison County. Organized Jun. 17 1861.
Captain, DeWitt White.
First Lieutenant, J. Maupin.
Second Lieutenant, E. H. Ballard.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, Allen Conn.

Benton Guards, Benton. Organized May 18 1861.
Captain, T. C. Edwards.
First Lieutenant, J. T. Walpole.
Second Lieutenant, J. E. Morgan.
Third Lieutenant, L. V. Stice.

Bozaris Grays, Germantown. Bracken and Mason Counties. Organized Jul. 4 1860.
Captain, J. B. Harris.
First Lieutenant, J. M. Nolen.
Second Lieutenant, J. R. Wilson.
Third Lieutenant, E. J. Thompson.
Marion Artillery, Maysville. Organized Apr. 27 1861.
Captain, J. Nelson.
First Lieutenant, Jerry F. Young.
Second Lieutenant, William Forman.
Third Lieutenant, Henry E. Pogue.
Mason Rifles, Maysville. Organized Mar. 1 1861.
Captain, Charles G. Cady.
First Lieutenant, Horatio N. Cox.
Second Lieutenant, George W. Sulser.
Third Lieutenant, Samuel T. Forman.
Ringgold Artillery, Mayslick. Organized May 10 1861.
Captain, Thomas W. Wheatley.
First Lieutenant, John Small.
Second Lieutenant, Joshua H. Watson.
Third Lieutenant, Charles Clarke.

Magoffin Artillery, Paducah. Organized Apr. 17 1861.
Captain, Littleton Cooke.
First Lieutenant, R. B. Sloan.
Second Lieutenant, Powhotan Ellis, Jr.
Third Lieutenant, George W. Wolfolk.
Montgomery Guards, Paducah. Organized May 15 1861.
Captain, J. G. Daly.
First Lieutenant, John W. Bourke.
Second Lieutenant, Thomas Hallerane.
Third Lieutenant, John Jennings.
Paducah City Guards, Paducah. Organized Jun. 16 1860.
Captain, Lloyd Tilghman.
First Lieutenant, John S. Shields.
Second Lieutenant, E. Graham Atkinson/E. T. Woodford.
Third Lieutenant, D. C. Wilcox.
Woodville Cavalry, Woodville. Organized Apr. 23 1861.
Captain, R. D. Gholson.
First Lieutenant, W. W. Faulkner.
Second Lieutenant, R. S. Hill.
Third Lieutenant, W. S. Gholson.

Harrods Guards, Harrodsburg. Organized Dec. 28 1860.
Captain, Phil B. Thompson.
First Lieutenant, S. W. Bingham.
Second Lieutenant, B. F. Hardesty.
Third Lieutenant, J. Wickersham.
Mercer Horsemen, Harrodsburg. Organized Jun. 1 1861.
Captain, W. C. Cooke.
First Lieutenant, W. S. Alexander.
Second Lieutenant, J. E. Hughes/James Q. Chenoweth.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, James Q. Chenoweth/Andrew M. Sea.

Monroe Guards, Tompkinsville. Organized Nov. 26 1860.
Captain, W. T. Buckner.
First Lieutenant, W. P. Wilcher.
Second Lieutenant, W. F. Evans.
Third Lieutenant, James Jackson.

Morgan Legion, Morgan County. Organized Jun. 1 1860.
Captain, William H. Taulbee.
First Lieutenant, David J. Lykens.
Second Lieutenant, H. B. Lykens.
Third Lieutenant, Thomas Bristow.
Mountain Rangers, West Liberty. Organized Jun. 9 1860.
Captain, W. S. Pierce.
First Lieutenant, John T. Hazeling.
Second Lieutenant, Milton B. Cox.
Third Lieutenant, John M. Perry.

Nelson Greys, Bardstown. Organized no date given.
Captain, Joseph Cripps Wickliffe.
First Lieutenant, N. A. Crouch.
Second Lieutenant, Howard Hynes.
Third Lieutenant, W. N. Breckham.
Stone Riflemen, Bloomfield. Organized Jun. 8 1861.
Captain, W. Davis McKay/Charles B. McCloskey.
First Lieutenant, Charles Dawson.
Second Lieutenant, Green C. Duncan/P. Lee McMakin.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, H. Clay McKay.

Hartford State Guards, Hartford. Organized May 16 1861.
Captain, John E. Pendleton.
First Lieutenant, Preston Morton.
Second Lieutenant, William G. Mitchell.
Third Lieutenant, Freedling W. Foreman.

Gibraltar Guards, Lusby’s Mill (Lawrenceville). Organized Jun. 24 1861.
Captain, George Holbrook.
First Lieutenant, Alonzo Gaddy.
Second Lieutenant, W. R. Holbrook.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, Abner Acree.
Owen Rangers, New Liberty. Organized Mar. 2 1861.
Captain, Alexander Wake Holeman.
First Lieutenant, J. P. Orr.
Second Lieutenant, D. English.
Third Lieutenant, L. D. Alexander.
Owenton Guards, Owenton. Organized May 22 1860.
Captain, H. B. Theobald.
First Lieutenant, R. H. Munday.
Second Lieutenant, J. B. Roberts.
Third Lieutenant, J. M. Craigmyle.

Hays Rangers, Morgan Station. Organized Jun. 12 1861.
Captain, J. J. Fugate.
First Lieutenant, James F. Jenkins.
Second Lieutenant, W. N. Ewing.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, B. R. Henry.
Licking Rangers, Falmouth. Organized Jun. 15 1861.
Captain, J. M. Curry.
First Lieutenant, A. P. Hall.
Second Lieutenant, C. B. Woodson.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, E. A. W. Roberts.
Pendleton Grays, Falmouth. Organized Sept. 6 1860.
Captain, M. Mullins.
First Lieutenant, James Hudnall.
Second Lieutenant, A. J. Hall.
Third Lieutenant, W. C. Hall.

Pulaski Sentinels, Somerset. Organized Jul. 7 1860.
Captain, William Brent Perkins.
First Lieutenant, Alfred L. Allcorn.
Second Lieutenant, John W. Colyer.
Third Lieutenant, H. B. Smith.

Mt. Vernon Guards, Mt. Vernon. Organized Jun. 25 1860.
Captain, J. Newcom.
First Lieutenant, W. A. Brooks.
Second Lieutenant, N. Whitaker.
Third Lieutenant, George W. Payne, Jr.

Big Eagle Invincibles, Scott County. Organized Jun. 4 1861.
Captain, J. W. Field.
First Lieutenant, J. M. Barlow.
Second Lieutenant, Thomas D. Neale.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, Joseph Fields.
Eagle Guards, Turkeyfoot (Delaplain). Organized Jun. 1 1861.
Captain, James L. Adams.
First Lieutenant, Richard Antle.
Second Lieutenant, James G. Burgess.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, Thomas B. Hiles.
Union Greys, Georgetown. Organized May 9 1860.
Captain, William H. Story.
First Lieutenant, George F. Allgaier.
Second Lieutenant, S. W. Long.
Third Lieutenant, John Foster.
Reorganized Jun. 11 1861.
Captain, S. W. Long.
First Lieutenant, John Foster.
Second Lieutenant, George W. Jackson.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, J. F. M. Lemon.
Reorganized Aug. 19 1861.
Captain, Ben F. Bradley.
First Lieutenant, George. F. Allgaier.
Second Lieutenant, John J. West.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, James E. Cantrell.

Minnie Grays, Shelbyville. Organized Jun. 9 1860.
Captain, Walter C. Whitaker.
First Lieutenant, R. T. Owens.
Second Lieutenant, W. B. Allen.
Third Lieutenant, John T. Davis, Jr.
Shelby Guards, Simpsonville. Organized May 19 1860.
Captain, W. G. Welch/John G. Jones.
First Lieutenant, John G. Jones/R. H. George.
Second Lieutenant, R. H. George/John R. Hinkle.
Third Lieutenant, J. L. Gregg/George E. Hemeck.
Unnamed Company, Mount Eden. Organized Mar. 30 1861.
Captain, Elisha Hedden.
First Lieutenant, James K. Snyder.
Second Lieutenant, B. M. Houser.
Third Lieutenant, J. W. Gray.

Buckner Greys, Franklin. Organized Feb. 1 1861.
Captain, S. B. Crewdson.
First Lieutenant, R. Claypool.
Second Lieutenant, J. C. Bell.
Third Lieutenant, D. A. Caldwell.

Howard Guards, Taylorsville. Organized May 18 1861.
Captain, T. L. Bennett.
First Lieutenant, James L. Davess.
Second Lieutenant, Quinton Bennett.
Third Lieutenant, James Beauchamp.

Bedford Greys, Bedford. Organized Apr. 27 1861.
Captain, W. W. Pierce.
First Lieutenant, J. V. Newkirk.
Second Lieutenant, J. R. Sanders.
Third Lieutenant, A. P. Pierce.
Locust Invincibles, Milton. Organized Apr. 27 1861.
Captain, M. J. Hoagland.
First Lieutenant, W. H. Bradley.
Second Lieutenant, H. Spelman.
Third Lieutenant, S. G. Banks.
Milton Greys, Milton. Organized Apr. 27 1861.
Captain, John M. Floyd.
First Lieutenant, John S. Fisher.
Second Lieutenant, James T. Buchanan.
Third Lieutenant, Leonard S. Norvell.
Trimble Invincibles, Milton. Organized May 4 1861.
Captain, H. A. Moore.
First Lieutenant, G. W. Snyder.
Second Lieutenant, Samuel P. Duncan.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, J. R. Barclay.
Trimble Rifles, Bedford. Organized Jun. 9 1860.
Captain, Nathan A. Parker.
First Lieutenant, W. L. Garriott/J. C. Mitchell.
Second Lieutenant, James L. Hall.
Third Lieutenant, Arthur W. Smith.

Uniontown Rifles/Riflemen, Uniontown. Organized May 30 1860.
Captain, D. Ruffner/J. M. Fitz-Henry.
First Lieutenant, G. F. Higginson/J. A. McKearney.
Second Lieutenant, W. S. Phillips.
Third Lieutenant, Charles H. Hamilton.

Kentucky Light Infantry, Bowling Green. Organized Jul. 22 1860.
Captain, William Brown.
First Lieutenant, James T. Johnson.
Second Lieutenant, W. S. Spaulding/Bennet Burnham.
Third Lieutenant, W. C. Higginbotham.
Warren Artillery, Bowling Green. Organized Dec. 1 1860.
Captain, W. B. Winans.
First Lieutenant, W. H. Spence.
Second Lieutenant, E. H. Hodge.
Third Lieutenant, G. T. Kinnard.
Warren Voltiguers, Bowling Green. Organized May 15 1860.
Captain, P. B. Hawkins/C. R. Edwards.
First Lieutenant, C. R. Edwards/James P. Coleman.
Second Lieutenant, Charles E. McLane.
Third Lieutenant, William LeRoy Dulaney.

Beechfork Rangers, Fredericktown. Organized Jun. 9 1860.
Captain, James A. Buckman.
First Lieutenant, Fred M. Hill.
Second Lieutenant, R. W. Wathen.
Third Lieutenant, L. A. Hamilton.

Campton/Wolfe Greys, Campton. Organized Dec. 1 1860.
Captain, George W. Cox.
First Lieutenant, John G. Asberry.
Second Lieutenant, John T. Fortner.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, Thomas Steele.
Wolfe Rangers, Wolfe County. Organized Jun. 9 1860.
Captain, John C. Lewis.
First Lieutenant, William Bristow.
Second Lieutenant, Joseph R. Lawson.
Third Lieutenant, Caleb May.

Hanson Guards, Midway. Organized May 18 1861.
Captain, C. H. Buford.
First Lieutenant, John M. Davis.
Second Lieutenant, Frank May.
Brevet Second Lieutenant, Thomas M. Hughes.
Woodford Blues, Versailles. Organized May 10 1860.
Captain, H. H. Culbertson.
First Lieutenant, W. H. Cressey.
Second Lieutenant, Joseph C. Bailey.
Third Lieutenant, William G. Stone.
Woodford Grays, Millville. Organized Jul. 17 1860.
Captain, James S. Whittington.
First Lieutenant, James W. Smith.
Second Lieutenant, S. J. Miles.
Third Lieutenant, Joseph Gorbett, Jr.

Kentucky National Guard, Blue Grass Airport crash for emergency response training Thu, 15 Oct 2020 13:00:18 +0000
The Blue Grass Airport emergency response team extracts a Kentucky Army National Guard pilot from a UH-72 helicopter as a part of a mock collision training exercise at the airport in Lexington, Ky., on Sept. 10, 2020. This training is conducted annually for Soldiers from the National Guard and bi-annually for airport personal. (U.S. Army National Guard photo by Spc. Jesse Elbouab)

By Spc. Jesse Elbouab, 133rd Mobile Public Affairs Detachment

LEXINGTON, Ky.–In a time of war, and in time of peace, a valuable asset to any organization is preparedness. The Kentucky National Guard takes this statement to heart.

Being ready to respond, assist, and communicate in a crisis is a primary focus in many drilling tasks of the KYNG.

On Sept. 10, the KYNG emergency response team met with Blue Grass Airport’s first responders and practiced preparedness by answering the call to a fake accident staged on the WestLex runway at the Lexington airport. With many possible what-if scenarios, this training focused on how the team would respond to a collision involving civilian and military aircraft.

“Our guys were prepared, and we responded rather quickly,” said Chief Warrant Officer 2 Michelle Ewers, aviation safety officer for the KYNG. “The exercise allowed us to practice all of our procedures, talk about what worked, and what we will improve so we are even better equipped next time. We always want to better ourselves so we can be ready if this were to happen in real life.”

To fill ranks in a rapid response team, the Kentucky Guard trains additional Soldiers who typically may not work in emergency management.

Some Soldiers working full time at the Boone National Guard Center in Frankfort train to respond to emergency events regardless of their day-job title. This strategy is necessary to respond simultaneously and effectively to multiple crises around the commonwealth.

“This training event was first scheduled back in April,” said Staff Sgt. Austin Lynn, a Flight Operations non-commissioned officer with the 63rd Theater Aviation Brigade and flight operations specialist for the Blue Grass Airport. “Of course, COVID-19 happened, and everything got pushed back. The FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) still requires us to do this kind of training, so we are making our best attempt to do so.”

For the emergency simulation, a Bombardier CRJ-900, a commercial passenger aircraft, collided with a UH-72 Lakota, a Light Utility Helicopter (LUH) owned by the Kentucky Guard. It forced emergency response teams to react. Initially, they would have used real aircraft, and several actors would have simulated pilots and passengers. Restrictions raised from the pandemic, so the mission scaled back for the safety of the participants. Instead of the plane, two shuttle busses, loaded down with dummy passengers, displayed casualties with various injuries and status levels.

Soldiers unload emergency response equipment during a mock collision between a civilian aircraft and a military helicopter at Blue Grass Airport in Lexington, Ky., on Sept. 10, 2020. The team landed and immediately set up a perimeter for site security and safety while investigating the crash. (U.S. Army National Guard photo by Spc. Jesse Elbouab)

The first to arrive at the fake crash site was the Blue Grass Airport emergency response team. Driving their firetrucks to the scene, these professionals offered airport security, fire, and EMS support. They can do it all. They extinguished a small (controlled) fire, then searched for survivors and began assessing injuries by precedence. On the dummies were cue cards with written injuries sustained. Besides conducting triage to the mannequins, one additional task given to the crew was to extract a Kentucky National Guard pilot from the helicopter and tend to his injuries while on site.

Simultaneously, the emergency response team from the KYNG reacted to their alert and flew into action. Staged at the Boone National Guard Center in Frankfort, this emergency crew packed up what equipment they needed and brought it to Lexington on a UH-60 Blackhawk.

Once on the scene, the team secured the area around the downed military craft and assessed the situation.

This scenario differed from most real-world situations because it took place in a controlled environment with already limited public access.

“We are also trained and prepared to set up security and help to the pilots and crew,” said Lt. Col. Adam Kearney, commander of the AASF. “Since the airport’s team already did that, we moved on to conduct a damage assessment of the KYNG aircraft and determined whether we could fly it back. If not, we would need to know to bring more heavy equipment or a maintenance team. Throughout the response, we secured the area, took photos of the damage, and provided support to the airport’s accident investigation.”

The National Guard requires this training once a year to ensure our Soldiers are ready at a moment’s notice.

Mountain Warriors, KSP, LMPD work joint operation in Louisville Wed, 14 Oct 2020 13:00:47 +0000
Members from Charlie Company, 1st Battalion, 149th Infantry, stand ready to protect lives and infrastructure on W. Jefferson Street, Louisville, Ky., on Sept. 26, 2020. The Kentucky Army National Guard responded to Governor Andy Beshear’s request to support Kentucky State Police and Louisville Metro Police Department during possible riots near Jefferson Square Park. (U.S. Army National Guard photos by 1st Lt. Cody Stagner/Released)

By 1st Lt. Cody Stagner, Kentucky National Guard Public Affairs

LOUISVILLE, Ky. — “Usually, we roll in and violent protesters kind of roll out. But tonight may be different,” said Lt. Col. P. J. Burnett from Unit One of the Kentucky State Police.

Kentucky National Guard’s 1st Battalion, 149th Infantry, also known as the “Mountain Warriors,” augmented units from the KSP and Louisville Metro Police Department Saturday, Sept. 26, in an effort that may have saved lives by deterring an unlawful standoff at Jefferson Square Park.

For more photos, click here.

“Some protesters have been progressively non-compliant to the LMPD after the city-wide curfew, and some have used plywood as shields and weapons to bait the LMPD into a fight. They also have set things on fire. We need more shields out there tonight,” said Burnett during a joint-mission rehearsal with KSP, LMPD, and the Kentucky Guard Sept. 26.

Kentucky Army National Guard 1st Sgt. Jason Moore, from Charlie Company, 1st Battalion, 149th Infantry, meets with Lt. Col. P. J. Burnett from the Kentucky State Police, Sept. 26, 2020, in Louisville, Ky. Governor Andy Beshear requested the Kentucky National Guard to augment the KSP and the Louisville Metro Police Department in protecting lives and infrastructure during possible riots there. (U.S. Army National Guard photos by 1st Lt. Cody Stagner/Released)

The Mountain Warriors were activated with the 138th Field Artillery Brigade. Their purpose was to augment the LMPD and protect against violence and damage at more than 20 locations. Overall command and control of Guard operations remained under 138th FAB and Task Force Thunder commander, Col. Andrew Bates, while Lt. Col. Jason Penn lead the Mountain Warriors in their unique civil disturbance response force mission.

Violence in the city escalated after the Kentucky Attorney General’s announcement that no LMPD officers were being indicted with murder charges for their involvement in the death of a Louisville citizen, Breonna Taylor. Violent activists looted several local businesses, smashed in windows, and set a library on fire. They also shot two police officers.

With tensions on the rise, the KSP and Kentucky Guard stood by, ready to protect and serve the city if needed.

“I am guessing people don’t realize how hard it has been on the LMPD,” said Penn. “They have been running extended operations or overtime at a very high tempo for months. No matter what line of business you’re in, if you do that for long enough, you’re going to run into some fatigue. I believe our presence aided in the safety and the security of the police force there, too.”

The National Guard mission differs from the Reserves or active military because it supports both federal and state missions. The civil support mission is a state active duty call-up.

“Most of our time focuses on our federal mission as part of an Infantry Brigade Combat Team. As Infantry, we train to close with and destroy the enemy,” said Penn, who has served more than 17 years as an Infantry officer. “It takes a complete paradigm shift to get our Soldiers to focus on civil support. But I think it’s a challenge we answered because of the success of our operations this past week.”

Charlie Company commander, Capt. Thomas Czartorski, staged his Ravenna-based Infantry unit with the KSP earlier that day and conducted training rehearsals that would prepare them if they received the call from LMPD to move Troops into downtown.

“We did not want to go downtown that night, but we had to prepare ourselves for the worst. Civil support is a tricky mission that many people don’t understand,” said Czartorski, who also works as a State Trooper in the Kentucky State Police.

“We readied our vehicles and staged them with the KSP to respond quickly together,” he said. “We conducted rehearsals with our pro-masks on and practiced how to move as a unit while wearing riot gear. We don’t train for this stuff often, so we learned a lot. We did some drills repeatedly, just to make sure everyone understood what to do. Then, I waited for the call that I hoped would never come.”

At approximately 8:00 p.m., personal cell phones in the area rang in alarm with the emergency broadcast beacon asking citizens to make their way home peacefully, before the city’s upcoming curfew at 9:00 p.m.

Another broadcast repeated its warning at 8:30 p.m.

Kentucky Army National Guard responds to Governor Andy Beshear’s request to support Louisville Metro Police Department in protecting lives and infrastructure during possible riots in Louisville, Ky., Sept. 26, 2020. (U.S. Army National Guard photos by 1st Lt. Cody Stagner/Released)

Some people walking the streets complied, and some did not. According to many Livestream broadcasters and eye-witnesses, loudspeakers from within the protest group echoed words encouraging people to stay and fight the police while they came to enforce the 9:00 p.m. curfew. Some people within the crowd held plywood to be used as shields.

Lawful lines had been crossed, and the call to support officers near Jefferson Square Park came. The Mountain Warriors and the KSP, armed with batons, shields, and riot gear, loaded into buses and personnel carriers at approximately 8:38 p.m.

“This was the first time I had ever been involved in any conflict for the military,” said Spc Jorgan Perez, a full-time EKU student from Mt. Sterling, who served as a squad leader for the mission. “I had never even been in a convoy before then.”

By 8:50 p.m., reinforcements arrived on Jefferson Street.

“Once we dismounted the LMTV (light medium tactical vehicle) on Market Street, an LMPD officer pointed for us to go toward Jefferson Street. We saw media and protesters walking by. Protesters shouted and taunted us, calling us names. It made me realize this [event] was real, and I was in it. The sudden change in the atmosphere put me in a zone, and I knew I had to step up and keep my cool. Leadership put my squad at the front of the company.”

Various special program units were there, including LMPD SWAT and officers mounted on horseback. The KSP brought approximately 80 Troopers, and the Guard had more than 60 Soldiers.

“I and Col. Bates were on the ground with Soldiers at the time and didn’t get the operational view of everything,” Penn said. “But from on the ground, the 9 o’clock curfew began, and we didn’t see anybody. We thought the operation was not a success. But according to the LMPD operations manager, as soon as we got out of our vehicles, the violent protesters and rioters moved out. They quickly dispersed rather than staying to start a fight or trying to burn down the city.”

The Kentucky Guard and KSP’s presence deterred a group of violent individuals that planned to wreak havoc on the local police force and the streets of downtown Louisville. The city was saved for the moment, and a turning point had begun.

“There’s a fine line too,” added the battalion commander. “It is our job in the military to remain apolitical. The military is an organization that provides a safe harbor for everyone. When we are doing a show of force, we really aim to protect the lives of the civilian populace. And people sometimes misinterpret that. But the goal for everything we do is to protect life.”

Members from Charlie Company, 1st Battalion, 149th Infantry, stand ready to protect lives and infrastructure on W. Jefferson Street, Louisville, Ky., on Sept. 26, 2020. The Kentucky Army National Guard responded to Governor Andy Beshear’s request to support Kentucky State Police and Louisville Metro Police Department during possible riots near Jefferson Square Park. (U.S. Army National Guard photos by 1st Lt. Cody Stagner/Released)

“The people of the city of Louisville were in trouble. They were in need. And, in talking to the Soldiers before we got there, I asked them, ‘If we don’t help the city, who will? We are citizens of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, and we have Soldiers that live in the city of Louisville. Who better to help provide for the safety and protection of the local people?’ We took it as a personal responsibility. Our service that night provided our city with a sense of safety and a sense of security and may have saved lives. We were glad to be there. We were happy to go home,” said Penn.

For Spc. Aaron Moss, his experience as a police officer in Anderson County made him proud to be a Guardsman and out front with the KSP.

“I work with KSP a lot during my civilian job,” said Moss, a team leader in Charlie Company. “I trusted working with them, and I was confident we would come home safe that night. And we did. Some protesters walked by and screamed at us the next day, calling us hateful names, but it was not all bad. A group of four walked up and asked to pray with us. They prayed and thanked God for the safety of everyone out that [Saturday] night, and that following night, then thanked me for my service and gave me a cross pendant as a keepsake. I still keep it in my pocket to remind me of those I protect and serve each day.”

Task Force Thunder returns to Louisville to support local law enforcement Tue, 13 Oct 2020 13:00:32 +0000
Kentucky Guard Soldiers and Airmen supported LMPD after activation for state active duty. They protected critical infrastructure and the lives of the public in various locations throughout the city of Louisville, Ky., Sept. 26, 2020. (U.S. Army National Guard photo by Staff Sgt. Benjamin Crane)

Story by Capt. Michael Reinersman; photos by Staff Sgt. Benjamin Crane and Spc. Jesse Elbouab, Kentucky National Guard Public Affairs

LOUISVILLE, Ky.—The year 2020 continues to be one to remember as the Kentucky National Guard completed another mission to support the commonwealth.

For the second time this year, Governor Andy Beshear asked Guardsmen to assist the Louisville Metro Police Department.

Click here for more photos

From Sept. 23-28, the Kentucky Guard formed a National Guard Response Force. Their mission was to augment LMPD and protect critical infrastructure sites, provide an official presence of support within the commonwealth, and enhance the safety of citizens in and around Louisville.

Kentucky Guard Soldiers protect critical infrastructure while providing support to civil disturbance throughout Louisville, Ky., Sept. 23, 2020. (U.S Army National Guard by Spc. Jesse Elbouab, 133rd Mobile Public Affairs Detachment)

Guard leadership kept command and control during operations.

“We are here to support the city of Louisville and its citizens and provide public safety,” said Brig. Gen. Hal Lamberton, Kentucky’s Adjutant General. “Our efforts are a tailored response to the ongoing civil disturbance in the city, and at the request of the governor. Let’s not forget we are a part of this community, too.”

Having Soldiers provide security at essential government sites enabled LMPD to do front-line law enforcement, which was critical during the daily protests that were ending in various violent demonstrations.

“Reacting to a civil disturbance is undoubtedly the most difficult job they can ask the Guard to do,” said Brig. Gen. Robert Larkin, Assistant Adjutant General for Kentucky. “We have gained a lot of experience this year while providing support to LMPD.”

The 138th Field Artillery Brigade, with headquarters in Lexington, led Kentucky’s NGRF mission. Supporting units came from 2nd Battalion, 138th Field Artillery in Lexington, 761st Firefighting Team out of Greenville, 63rd Theater Aviation Brigade out of Frankfort, 149th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade out of Richmond, 1st Battalion, 149th Infantry out of Barbourville, and the 198th Military Police Battalion, 75th Troop Command and 123rd Airlift Wing, all out of Louisville.

The Domestic Operations personnel coordinated with LMPD and the governor’s office to identify sites as critical to the city’s infrastructure. Assessing the sites started weeks before the mission.

“We shifted to static site security and transportation support, and that made the role of the Soldiers stronger,” said Col. Andrew Bates, commander of the 138th FAB. “Our enhanced knowledge of the community, mapping capabilities, command, and control lead to a successful team effort.”

Bates, a Louisville resident himself, took command of the 138th just three days before being activated as Task Force Thunder’s commander.

Bates said the success of the task force comes from its supporting units. They integrated from other brigades and provided logistical support to each other.

Local media and other citizens often approached Soldiers and Airmen to inquire about the Guard’s role. Their presence, although misunderstood, made the local populace feel safer in their day-to-day lives.

A Kentucky Army National Guard Soldier with Alpha Battery, 2nd Battalion, 138th Field Artillery, stands guard at the intersection 8th and W. Jefferson St. in Louisville, Ky., Sept. 24, 2020. Governor Beshear activated Kentucky Guardsmen to support Louisville Metro Police Department and protect critical infrastructure from potential rioters. (U.S. Army National Guard photo by Staff Sgt. Benjamin Crane)

Sgt. Clayton Thomas, assigned to the 203rd Forward Support Company, said an employee at the Holiday Inn Express was afraid to come to work until she saw a humvee parked outside.

“Our goal is to make sure we can keep everyone safe,” said Thomas.

Many Airmen and Soldiers, like Thomas, said they were proud to serve their community and keep their fellow citizens safe.

A Louisville native, Pfc. Mckayla Farlee of 203rd FSC, was in a response team watching over the Advocacy Center on 7th and Jefferson Streets. She said, “We understand this is a strange environment, but I have lived in Louisville my entire life, and this is my community I am protecting.”

Many Soldiers from the task force are from Louisville. Having personal knowledge of the area made their role easier.

“This isn’t something we do every day. We’re not here to choose sides,” said Farlee. “I just want everyone to go home safely.”

The governor activated many of the same Guardsmen earlier this year following a similar wave of violence that hit the city.

“From the last time, we grew as a team and became much more comfortable working with law enforcement.” said 2nd. Lt. Michael Haney, a platoon leader in Alpha Battery, 2/138th FA. “Our job is very similar, but we simplified things from what we learned back in June. Many of us went to the same locations every night. This made us feel more organized and much more efficient for this mission.”

Col. Bates takes command of the 138th Field Artillery Brigade Wed, 30 Sep 2020 15:49:56 +0000
Col. Ronnie Barnes relinquishes command of the 138th Field Artillery Brigade to Brig. Gen. Robert Larkin during a change of command ceremony Sept. 19, at the Wendell H. Ford Regional Training Center in Greenville, Kentucky. (U.S. Army National Guard photo by Capt. Michael Reinersman)

By Capt. Michael Reinersman, 138th Field Artillery Brigade Public Affairs

GREENVILLE, Ky. – The 138th Field Artillery Brigade honored Col. Ronnie Barnes as he relinquished command to Col. Andrew J. Bates during a change of command ceremony Sept. 19, at the Wendell H. Ford Regional Training Center in Greenville, Ky.


The 138th Field Artillery Brigade initially organized on Jan. 21, 1839, as the Louisville Legion. The 138th, headquartered in Lexington, commands battalions in Lexington, Harrodsburg, and Glasgow, Kentucky.

Brig. Gen. Robert Larkin, assistant adjutant general for Kentucky, presided over the ceremony and passed the colors from Barnes to Bates.

Larkin recognized both leaders’ accomplishments and the 138th for overcoming challenges during the last two years.

“The 138th participated in two warfighters to prepare for Western Strike, which would have moved the entire brigade to Wyoming for the largest firing exercise in years,” said Larkin. “Now, granted, COVID-19 dashed that exercise. But you continued to be a force provider for the pandemic response.”

This year, Barnes led Task Force Thunder to help the Louisville Metro Police Department restore order and protect lives and property during a civil disturbance in Louisville.

“Civil unrest is undoubtedly the most difficult job the Guard may be called in to do,” added Larkin. “But Barnes did so with strength, honor, and overwhelming care for [his] troops.”

During the ceremony, Command Sgt. Maj. David Miller presented Barnes with a framed 138th FAB guidon to remember his service

“Through it all, I cannot be more pleased with the success of the Brigade and the dedication of our Soldiers,” said Barnes. “I want to extend my heartfelt thanks to the Soldiers, families, employers, and communities that support the Brigade.”

Barnes provided a pre-recorded message to the Soldiers of the 138th.

He will continue to serve the Kentucky Guard full-time as the United States Property and Fiscal Officer.

Moving from Joint Force Headquarters as the Deputy Chief of Plans, Bates assumes command of the artillery brigade known as “Kentucky Thunder.”

According to Col. Bates, the experience was a repeat from when he took battalion command.

“I’ve been spoiled in my field grade command assignments. I succeeded then Lt. Col. Barnes in command of 2/138th Field Artillery, the Paladin Battalion,” said Bates. “At that time, it was then Col. Larkin to pass me the colors. Then Maj. Steve Mattingly was battalion admin officer.”

Currently, Lt. Col. Steve Mattingly is the deputy commanding officer of the 138th and will continue to support Bates.

Bates joined the Kentucky Army National Guard in 1998 after serving in the 82nd Airborne Division.

“When I joined the Army as a private 30 years ago, I never imagined that I would be here today,” said Bates. “I am very grateful and will do my best to serve the Soldiers, the families of the 138th, and the citizens of the commonwealth.”

Bates also served in the 138th Field Artillery Headquarters, 206th Engineer Battalion, 63rd Aviation Brigade, Task Force Phoenix in Afghanistan, Kentucky Agricultural Development Team, and Kentucky Joint Force Headquarters.

During his 30 years of military service, he completed three overseas deployments as a Guardsman.

In his civilian career, he has worked for Jefferson County and Louisville Metro Government since 1998. He currently serves as Executive Administrator for the Department of Community Services.

Bluegrass Guard hits 40 years of service Thu, 24 Sep 2020 13:00:56 +0000
In 2020, the Bluegrass Guard magazine is celebrating 40 years of publications under its namesake, with more than 100 issues digitally on file dating back to February 1980. (US Army National Guard graphic by Sgt. Alan Royalty)

Story by Sgt. Nasir Stoner, 133rd Mobile Public Affairs Detachment

FRANKFORT, Ky. — The Bluegrass Guard is celebrating 40 years of publications under its namesake, with more than 100 issues digitally on file dating back to February 1980.

Serving the men and women of the Kentucky National Guard, the magazine has chronicled the news and events of the organization, and continually evolved for nearly 100 years.

William Henry Jones, Kentucky’s 32nd adjutant general, founded the first publication dedicated to the Kentucky Guard’s interests. On May 21, 1929, the first monthly publication of “The Kentucky Guardsman” was released. The news bureau, which also owed credit to Jones’ tenure, has since been replaced with the Kentucky National Guard’s Public Affairs Office. 

The news outlet’s name changed to “The Bluegrass Guard” in 1980. 

Retired Col. Philip K. Miller worked with the publication from 1987 until 2009 as the State Public Affairs Officer.

When the publication was put on hold, Maj. Gen. Billy G. Wellman, the Adjutant General of Kentucky from 1977 to 1987, asked Miller to bring the magazine back in 1987. 

“We wanted everyone in the Kentucky Guard and their families to see what the troops were doing and put the Army and Air Guard all in one publication,” Miller said.

One of the Bluegrass Guard’s primary roles was making sure the Soldiers received command information every month.

“We were keeping the troops informed,” Miller said. “Leadership always had a column where Soldiers would read straight from command what they needed to know.”

Retired Staff Sgt. Dave W. Altom worked alongside Miller with The Bluegrass Guard for more than 25 years. He spent 12 years as an editor and made lasting contributions to the magazine.

“The purpose of the magazine is to tell the Kentucky National Guard’s story,” said Altom. “With all the good we do in the Guard, if no one knows about it, the value is diminished.” 

The Bluegrass Guard evolved from a newspaper available at armory newsstands into a magazine delivered to every KYNG Soldier. 

“The magazine was sent out to every Soldier in the guard,” said Altom. “We’ve had people call in saying they didn’t get their copy, and that made us feel good to know people want the magazine.”

Not only was the magazine enjoyed locally, but copies also made their way well outside the borders of the commonwealth. Its reach expanded over the years, winning several Army and National Guard awards, including being named the best publication in all the National Guard in 2014.

“The Bluegrass Guard began life as an Army-centric publication highlighting the accomplishments of the Kentucky Army Guard,” said Lt. Col. Dale Greer, Kentucky Air National Guard Chief of Public Affairs. “But it has grown over the past 20 years to become one of the premier joint-service publications in the entire National Guard.”

Greer said he appreciates that the magazine can include the Air Guard and the Army Guard and thoroughly tell the Kentucky Guard’s story as a whole of two parts.

“The fact this magazine devotes a considerable amount of coverage to the Air Guard side is unique,” he said. “And I look forward to seeing each issue to learn more about my Army brothers and sisters.”

Retired Brig. Gen. Scott Campbell has been featured in the Bluegrass Guard over the years and is a longtime consumer of the magazine. He believes the magazine is a useful retention tool for the Guard since it highlights individual Soldiers’ efforts during missions and training.

“I get a lot of different publications in the mail, and the only one I read from front to back is the Bluegrass Guard,” Campbell said. “It’s nice seeing familiar faces in a publication, and I don’t see that in other magazines.”

Today, the publication is designed and crafted by public affairs specialists of the 133rd Mobile Public Affairs Detachment and overseen by the Kentucky National Guard Public Affairs Office in Frankfort, Ky.

In 2005, after the 133rd MPAD deployed, and Col. Miller was also on an individual deployment, the Kentucky National Guard was left with a lone-wolf: Altom was in the thick of a surge in Iraq, and a KYNG mission to exceed 7,000 Guardsmen at home. With no one to tell the story.

Before the days of social media, The Bluegrass Guard magazine was one of the only ways to keep the Soldiers and Families informed. Altom knew he had to enlist help, or their stories may get lost forever.

Plugging away at administrative duties, a then-Spc. Gina Vaile (currently Sgt. 1st Class Gina Vaile-Nelson) was plucked from the G1 and transferred to PAO to assist Altom with the daily duties of Kentucky’s public affairs. Her reassignment was coordinated between leaders who recognized she had a degree in journalism and background in newspapers. With Altom’s oversight, the two worked as a pair to reboot the magazine after nearly one year without any release.

“The Bluegrass Guard is good for the families to see what we’re doing while we’re away from them,” Vaile-Nelson said. “Before social media was as accessible as it is today, I was able to tell the stories of these people and their family members and have them excited about it coming back.”

Vaile-Nelson said she feels the magazine is a mark in the Guard’s history. It held importance to her, its readers, and the Soldiers and Families highlighted within its pages. 

“The Bluegrass Guard is an awesome and accurate representation of our history,” she said. “You can look back through the years and see that we were exceeding the standard then and how the Kentucky National Guard continues to excel. It’s an evolving piece of history.”

Throughout her years of involvement with the Bluegrass Guard, Vaile-Nelson covered various intriguing stories from different Soldiers and Airmen. One of her favorites, however, was not about a Soldier or Airman.

She once wrote a story on a child whose father deployed. The young girl hand-stitched teddy bears, stuffed them, and then gave them out to all the kids in her father’s deployed unit.

The Guard gave her an award for her support. Then the story was published in the Bluegrass Guard. Vaile-Nelson made lifelong friends with the girl through the process, even to where she spoke at the girl’s college assembly on Veteran’s Day.

“Not only did I get to tell a story, but I made a friend for the rest of my life,” she said. “Every one of us who took a picture or wrote on that story, we can give you a second or third or even fourth story from that story and share something that impacted us. That’s what I cherish most about it.”

In addition to the MPAD’s involvement in storytelling and information gathering for the Bluegrass Guard, the unit developed the Unit Public Affairs Historian Representative (UPAHR) program so Soldiers could tell their own unit’s stories.

The UPAHR program ensured these units’ memories and information did not get lost in history when public affairs specialists are not around.

“We have all these stories to tell of the places we have been and the good work we have done. If we don’t [capture the moment] right away, it might get lost forever,” Vaile-Nelson said.

Sgt. 1st Class Scott Raymond, a public affairs specialist in the 133rd MPAD, contributed his editing skills to the magazine for more than ten years.

“It is said that journalism is the first rough draft of history, so the magazine is an important historical document,” Raymond said. “The magazine’s longevity is significant because we’ve been able to continue to put out printed editions while many states no longer do.”

Raymond covered plenty of stories and captured the experiences of Kentucky Soldiers and Families all around the commonwealth, and even while overseas.

While deployed to Iraq in 2011, Raymond said the magazine published one of his pictures as the cover for the first time.

“A highlight in my career has definitely been playing a role in the success of the magazine. It is a team effort in every issue, and that effort reflects the great work showcased by our Guardsmen in the pages,” he said.

The public affairs office still produces the magazine two to four times each year for mailing to all Kentucky Guardsmen and their families.

The Bluegrass Guard will continue to be an essential part of the Kentucky National Guard’s history and will tell the Guard’s story for years to come.

A digital version of each magazine issued is accessible online here